• K Madhukumar

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Thermoluminescence dosimetry of rare earth doped calcium aluminate phosphors

      K Madhukumar K Rajendra Babu K C Ajith Prasad J James T S Elias V Padmanabhan C M K Nair

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      The thermoluminescence (TL) properties of calcium aluminate (CaAl2O4) doped with different rare earth ions have been studied and their suitability for radiation dosimetry applications is discussed. It is observed that monocalcium aluminate doped with cerium is a good dosimeter having linear response up to about 4 kGy of radiation doses. Dopant concentration of 0.25 mol% cerium gives maximum TL emission. The well-defined single peak observed at 295°C can be advantageously used for high temperature dosimetry applications.

    • Photoluminescence and thermoluminescence properties of tricalcium phosphate phosphors doped with dysprosium and europium

      K Madhukumar H K Varma Manoj Komath T S Elias V Padmanabhan C M K Nair

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      The suitability of calcium phosphate crystals for thermoluminescence dosimetry (TLD) applications is investigated, owing to their equivalence to bone mineral. The 𝛼 and 𝛽 phases of tricalcium phosphate (TCP) were synthesized through wet precipitation and high temperature solid state routes and doped with Dy and Eu. The photoluminescence and thermoluminescence studies of the phosphors have been carried out.

      The TL properties were found to be highly dependent on the method of preparation of the material. Eu doping gave good PL emission, whereas Dy doping was more efficient in TL emission. 𝛽-TCP was found to be less TL sensitive than 𝛼-TCP, yet it was identified as a better phosphor material owing to its better fading characteristics.

      The dependence of TL of 𝛽-TCP : Dy on the energy and dose of radiation, and on the doping concentration were studied. The TL intensity was observed to fade exponentially during a storage period of 20 days, but it stabilized at 70% of the initial value after 30 days. The optimum doping concentration was found to be 0.5 mol%.

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