Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science
Volume 28 Issue 6 October 2005 pp 555-560 Single Crystals
The growth of PbMoO4 crystals by the modified Bridgman method has been reported in this paper. The feed material with strict stoichiometric composition is desirable for the Bridgman growth of the crystals. The continuous composition change of the melts during growth can be avoided because the volatilization of melts is limited by sealed platinum crucibles. By means of the optimum growth parameters such as the growth rate of < 1.2 mm/h and the temperature gradient of 20 ∼ 40°C/cm across the solid–liquid interface under the furnace temperature of 1140 ∼ 1200°C, large size crystals with high optical uniformity were grown successfully. The distribution of Pb and Mo concentration along the growth axis was measured by X-ray fluorescence analysis. The single crystallinity of the grown sample was evaluated by the double-crystal X-ray rocking curve. The transmission spectra were measured in the range of 300–800 nm at room temperature.
Volume 32 Issue 2 April 2009 pp 183-186 Single Crystals
The growth of Nd3+ doped lithium niobate crystals using Bridgman method has been reported in this paper. By means of the optimum conditions such as proper feed materials, sealed platinum crucibles, growth rate of 1–1.5 mm/h and temperature gradient of 30–35°C/cm across the solid–liquid interface under the furnace temperature of 1300°C, single crystals containing Nd3+ ion with 0.54 mol% concentration were obtained. X-ray diffraction and ICP–AES were used to characterize the crystals and its composition. The absorption, emission and fluorescence lifetime are also measured. Based on the Judd–Ofelt theory, we obtained the optical parameters of the crystal such as the luminescent quantum efficiency, the radioactive lifetimes, the branching ratios and the emission cross-section.
Volume 43, 2020
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