Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science
Volume 21 Issue 4 August 1998 pp 355-361 Catalyst Materials
The adsorption behaviour of iodine on chemically modified swelling type of clays has been studied. Chemical modification was brought about by interacting the clay with surfactants such as tween-80 and polyethylene glycol. Adsorption of iodine was found to increase by several orders of magnitude on chemical modification which remained constant between pH 1 and 10. The adsorption isotherms were non-linear and fitted the Freundlich equation for swelling clays. Scatchard analysis of the data indicated minimum two types of active sites with the tween-80 modified clay and one type with the polyethylene glycol modified one. The iodine sorbed on the surface was found to get desorbed almost completely on leaching with water. Modification of the clay surface with surfactant thus offers a method of designing a recyclable adsorbent for iodine.
Volume 36 Issue 5 October 2013 pp 813-818
BiFeO3 (BFO) thin films of thickness about 800 nm deposited on Si (100) substrates by sol–gel spin coating method were irradiated by 200 MeV Ag ions. Modification of structure and surface morphology of the films under irradiation was studied using glancing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXRD) and atomic force microscope (AFM). Fluence dependence of GIXRD peak intensity indicated formation of 10 nm diameter cylindrical amorphous columns in crystalline BFO due to 200 MeV Ag ion irradiation. AFM analysis indicated that the pristine film consists of agglomerated grains with diffuse grain boundary. Irradiation led to reduced agglomeration of the grains with the formation of sharper grain boundaries. The rms roughness (𝜎rms) estimated from AFM analysis increased from 6.2 in pristine film to 12.7 nm when the film irradiated at a fluence of 1 × 1011 ions cm-2. Further irradiation led to decrease of 𝜎rms which finally saturated at a value of 7–8 nm at high ion fluences. The power spectral density analysis indicated that the evolution of surface morphology of the pristine film is governed by the combined effect of evaporation condensation and volume diffusion processes. Swift heavy ion irradiation seems to increase the dominance of volume diffusion in controlling surface morphology of the film at high ion fluences.
Volume 42 | Issue 5
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