• H S BHOJYA NAIK

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Synthesis, characterization and antibacterial activity of water-soluble dye-capped zinc sulphide nanoparticles from waste Zn–C battery

      M GIRIDHAR H S BHOJYA NAIK M C PRABHAKAR M MADHUKARA NAIK N BALLESH M C MAHESH

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      Capped and uncapped zinc sulphide (ZnS) nanoparticles (NPs) were successfully synthesized from used Zn–C battery, while surface was modified with capping agent 1-(carboxymethyl)-4-[(E)-2-(1,2-oxazol-3-yl)ethenyl]pyridin-1-ium. The structural properties of synthesized NPs were investigated using scanning electron microscope, energydispersive X-ray spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared and UV–visible spectroscopy.From XRD studies, cubic zinc blend structure for all the NPs was confirmed, and the crystallite size for uncapped and dyecapped NPs were calculated as 18.1 and 15.2 nm from Scherrer’s equation. Quantum espresso software was used to carryout the density functional theory calculations of dye. These dye-capped ZnS NPs proved to be excellent antibacterial agents and the minimum concentrations of pure ZnS and dye-capped ZnS NPs, which restrain the growth of bacteria, werefound to be 0.312 and 0.156 mg ml$^{-1}$ for S. typhi and 1.25 and 0.625 mg ml$^{-1}$ for B. subtilis, respectively. The bioactivitydata suggest that these organic–inorganic hybrid NPs appeared to be a new class of antibacterial agents.

    • Green synthesis of zirconium phosphate by combustion method: photocatalytic application and microwave-assisted catalytic conversion of aldehyde to nitriles

      M SHASHANK H S BHOJYA NAIK J SHASHIKANTH AATIKA NIZAM G NAGARAJU

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      Water pollution has increased swiftly, especially the dyes from industries that have disturbed aquatic eco-system. Photocatalytic degradation (PCD) is one of the attractive methods to eliminate dyes from industrial effluents. Zirconium phosphate (ZP) nanoparticles were synthesized by combustion method using zirconyl nitrate and phosphorous pentoxide as precursors. The obtained ZP was characterized by powder X-ray diffractogram, Fourier transform infrared, scanning electron microscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, photoluminescence spectroscopy, Brunauer–Emmett–Teller surface area. PCD was carried out using methylene blue as a model pollutant in aqueous medium in the presence of UV light irradiation with different concentrations of dye, catalyst and pH. Higher degradation efficiency was observed in basic medium. ZP is employed as a catalyst to form nitrides from aldehydes using different solvents with different aldehydes.

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    • Dr Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar for Science and Technology

      Posted on October 12, 2020

      Prof. Subi Jacob George — Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bengaluru
      Chemical Sciences 2020

      Prof. Surajit Dhara — School of Physics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad
      Physical Sciences 2020

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      Posted on July 25, 2019

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