• H R Anand

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Frequency dependence of gel time in thermosetting resins

      Anand Pal Singh H R Anand

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      The increasing use of thermosetting resins in fibre reinforced composites for structural and insulating applications has necessitated the need to understand the process of crosslinking and systematics of curing time of resins with and without the reinforcing fine fibre filaments. We have employed dynamical measurements of loss tangent and dielectric constant over the frequency range 1 kHz–100kHz for investigating cure characteristics of composites. After adding crosslinking agents to resinous matrices (epoxy and polyester styrenated alkyd resins) the time variation of dielectric parameters was recorded until the completion of curing. The resin flow, the onset of gelation and completion of curing were unambiguously mapped by variations in dielectric parameters. Onset of gelation coincided with precipitous fall of dielectric constant and resonant maximum of dielectric loss. Asymptotic stabilization of dielectric parameters signalled completion of curing. The gel time and curing time were found to be substantially larger for fibre reinforced resins as compared to pure resins. The variation of electrically determined gel and cure time with frequency of ac signal employed and on the libre fraction in the composite are discussed in the paper. The present study shows that if dielectric measurements are to be employed to infer the completion of curing, low frequency measurements would be needed to correctly infer onset of gelation and time for curing.

    • Microstructural and electrical characteristics of SiO2 doped ZnO-Bi2O3 varistors

      R Goel A Sil H R Anand

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      Varistors in the new system ZnO-Bi2O3-SiO2 were prepared through conventional ceramic processing route. The effect of sintering temperature and time (0·5 h to 2 h between 1000° and 1250°C) on the microstructure and current/voltage characteristics of the varistors of the new system were investigated and the results were compared with those of ZnO-Bi2O3 system varistors prepared. An increase in nonlinear coefficient (α) value was observed in the SiO2 added varistors. The microstructure and the phase of the varistors were examined by means of SEM and XRD. The Zn2SiO4 spinel phase was found to be present in the intergranular region. The grain growth exponent was determined to be 2·5±0·2 and the activation energy for the ZnO grain growth was estimated to be 251±11 kJ/mol. These values were compared with those estimated for ZnO-Bi2O3 system varistors.

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    • Dr Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar for Science and Technology

      Posted on October 12, 2020

      Prof. Subi Jacob George — Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bengaluru
      Chemical Sciences 2020

      Prof. Surajit Dhara — School of Physics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad
      Physical Sciences 2020

    • Editorial Note on Continuous Article Publication

      Posted on July 25, 2019

      Click here for Editorial Note on CAP Mode

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