• HARI OM GUPTA

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Effect of annealing temperature and CdCl$_2$ treatment on the photo-conversion efficiency of CdTe/Zn$_{0.1}$Cd$_{0.9}$S thin film solar cells

      SONAL SINGHAL AMIT KUMAR CHAWLA HARI OM GUPTA RAMESH CHANDRA

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      We report the effects of annealing in conjunction with CdCl$_2$ treatment on the photovoltaic properties of CdTe/Zn$_{0.1}$Cd$_{0.9}$S thin film solar cells. CdTe layer is subjected to dry CdCl$_2$ treatment by thermal evaporation method and subsequently, heat treated in air using a tube furnace from 400 to 500$^{\circ}$C. AFM and XRD results show improved grain size and crystallographic properties of the CdTe film with dry CdCl$_2$ treatment. This recrystallization and grain growth of the CdTe layer upon CdCl$_2$ treatment translates into improved photo-conversion efficiencies of CdTe/Zn$_{0.1}$Cd$_{0.9}$S cell. The results of dry CdCl$_2$ treatment were compared with conventional wet CdCl$_2$ treatment. Photo-conversion efficiency of 5.2% is achieved for dry CdCl$_2$-treated cells in comparison with 2.4% of wet-treated cell at heat treatment temperature of 425$^{\circ}$C.

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