G V S Sastry
Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science
Volume 18 Issue 4 August 1995 pp 361-373 Indo—Japan Seminar On New Materials
A general methodology using atomic clusters is applied to three problems connected to the study of alloy phase stability. The cluster method proposed by Allen and Cahn is applied to non-ideal hcp structures under tetrahedral approximation using multiatom interactions. The possible ground-state structures which are stable at absolute zero temperature are obtained. A geometrical representation in 4D parameter space of the possible strengths of multiatom interactions permitted for these structures is illustrated in terms of a 2D analogue. Extending these ideas, the cluster variation method (CVM) proposed by Kikuchi is applied to fcc structures under tetrahedral approximation to find the effect of multiatom interactions on the topology of the coherent phase diagrams in which all the phases present are derivable by mere rearrangement of atoms on the parent disordered structure. In addition, the possible invariant reactions are identified in such coherent phase diagrams. Finally the CVM is applied for calculating a model incoherent phase diagram, that of Ti-Zr system, where disordered hcp and bcc phases are present. The free energies of hcp and bcc phases are formulated using CVM procedures respectively under tetrahedral-octahedral and tetrahedral approximations. The CVM is shown to be in better agreement with the thermodynamic data and to be able to reproduce the correct value of measured enthalpy of transformation compared to that given by the regular solution model, which significantly overestimates the same.
Volume 22 Issue 3 May 1999 pp 473-478 Polymers
Detailed transmission electron microscopy study was carried out in single crystals of a decagonal phase in the Al-Cu-Co-Si quaternary system. X-ray diffraction and convergent beam electron diffraction patterns of the powder samples confirmed the structures to be decagonal quasicrystals. No microcrystalline nor crystalline phases could be identified. Thin slices normal to the 10-fold directions were prepared for transmission electron microscopy. Diffuse streaks along symmetric directions around the fundamental spots were observed in the diffraction patterns. Bright field images and dark field images showed discontinuous lines or striations lying perpendicular to the direction of diffuse streaking. The striation contrast appears to be originating from anti-phase boundary (APB) in the decagonal superstructures. The diffuse streaks seem to be a characteristic feature of a partially ordered decagonal superlattice structure. The atomic rearrangement or phasonic movement in certain symmetric directions along the pentagrids or Ammann lines in the structure has obviously caused the type of contrast observed in the images. The evolution of rhombic domains consisting of APBs in localized regions can be understood as one of the signature of an intermediate structural state formed prior to a superstructure formation.
Volume 43, 2020
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