Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science
Volume 15 Issue 1 February 1992 pp 3-25
Engineering structures experience impulsive loads during the time of natural disasters like earthquakes, cyclones and collisions. The design of structures resistant to such natural disasters requires an understanding of the deformation and fracture behaviour of the materials constituting the structure under impulsive loading conditions. In this paper the various aspects of dynamic plastic deformation and fracture of common engineering materials are reviewed and contrasted with their behaviour under static loading conditions.
Volume 17 Issue 6 November 1994 pp 747-770
Hardness is a measure of the resistance of a material to indentation and a wide variety of indentation tests have been devised to measure the hardness of materials. In the case of hardness tests which utilize spherical balls as the indentor, it is also possible to derive flow stress-strain relationships from hardness tests carried out either over a range of loads (static test) or over a range of impact velocities (dynamic test). This paper first describes the experimental procedure for obtaining stress-strain curves from hardness tests. In addition, the paper also analyzes in detail, the indentation test conditions under which the conversion of the hardness-average strain data to flow stress-strain data is simple and straightforward in the sense that the constraint factor which is the correlating parameter for the above conversion is not only independent of strain but also easily computable on the basis of known mechanical property data of the test material.
Volume 20 Issue 4 July 1997 pp 579-582
Perfluoroethylene sulfonic acid polymer (NAFION) films are subjected to ion exchange in the medium of aqueous solutions of cadmium acetate, followed by ammonia passivation. The films are then treated with hydrogen sulfide gas for prescribed times. X-ray powder diffraction data of these samples have been analyzed for estimating the sizes of the nanocrystallites. The optical absorption spectra of the samples show an absorption edge beginning at 525 nm for the largest size clusters. A broad absorption band appears with a maximum around 410 nm–440 nm in the smaller size clusters.
Volume 42 | Issue 6
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