G Nageswara Rao
Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science
Volume 19 Issue 2 April 1996 pp 345-355
Rare-earth doped strontium barium niobates were synthesized using usual ceramic technique. The dopants are La, Ce, Gd, Sm and Nd. The materials were characterized by XRD and density measurements. The grain sizes were determined from SEM analysis. Lattice parameters changed uniformly with rare-earth dopants in unfilled structures. Density measurements and SEM analysis confirmed only minute changes in the densities of the ceramics.
Volume 20 Issue 8 December 1997 pp 1039-1048
Lead niobates belong to orthorhombic symmetry and acquire tetragonal symmetry at 570°C. Some lead-based ceramic compounds have been synthesized and their structural and ferroelectric properties studied. Strontium, barium and potassium were used to reduce the transition temperature and to control the grain growth, thereby electrical properties. The transition temperature was found to decrease from 465°C to 282°C with dopants. The transition temperature was drastically reduced with the addition of barium. This can be attributed to the suitability of doping ion in determining the transition temperature and other piezoelectric constants. Powder X-ray diffraction studies were carried out and orthorhombic symmetry was confirmed. The lattice constants were calculated through diffraction patterns. The average grain size was measured from the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) pictures taken on fractured surfaces of the samples.
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