• G NIRMALA DEVI

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Photocatalytically active ZnO flaky nanoflowers for environmental remediation under solar light irradiation: effect of morphology on photocatalytic activity

      G A SUGANYA JOSEPHINE K JAYAPRAKASH G MEENAKSHI A SIVASAMY G NIRMALA DEVI R N VISWANATH

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      ZnO-flaky-like nanoflowers with enhanced photocatalytic activity were synthesized by a new hydrothermal technique. The material was characterized and the photocatalytic studies were conducted under solar light irradiation for a model azo dye, Orange G. The material was compared with ZnO nanosphere and nanorod. The results showed the particle size of the nanostructures as a nanorod is 62–81 nm, as a nanosphere is 40–70 nm and as flaky nanoflowers is 20–30 nm (thickness of the flake). The photocatalytic activity showed an enhanced 2-fold increase in the activity for nanoflowers when compared to nanorods and spheres. The Brauner–Emmett–Teller results showed that the nanoflowers (14.197 m$^2$ g$^{-1}$) had a higher surface area nearly 3.5 times when compared to the nanospheres (4.06 m$^2$ g$^{-1}$) and seven times with nanorods (2.1 m$^2$ g$^{-1}$) which is the possibility of such high photocatalytic activity. The smaller particle size and the arrangement of nanoflowers play an important role in enhanced photocatalytic activity.

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