G K Dey
Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science
Volume 15 Issue 6 December 1992 pp 543-556 Symposium Session On Rapid Solidification Processing
Zr based metal-metal binary and ternary alloys can be obtained in the amorphous state in very wide composition ranges. Several eutectic reactions and intermetallic compounds are present in these alloy systems which provide opportunities for examining the validity of different theories on glass formation. The amorphous phases in these alloys decompose by a variety of crystallization mechanisms. Instances of polymorphic, primary and eutectic crystallization have been encountered in these glasses. Zr-based metallic glasses possess excellent corrosion resistance and mechanical properties. In several studies their properties have been compared with that of their crystalline counterparts and interesting differences have emerged. In the solute lean Zr-based alloys very large freezing ranges are available for studying the liquid to solid transformation. It has been possible to study the formation of some of the low temperature phases directly from the liquid. This paper describes some of the aforementationed studies carried out on Zr-based amorphous and crystalline alloys.
Volume 17 Issue 6 November 1994 pp 875-881
The present work reports the results on the deformation behaviour of ZrO2-3 mol% Y2O3 (3Y-TZP) ceramics which were prepared by pressureless sintering at 1400°C. Dense, cylindrical samples were subjected to uniaxial compression tests under a constant stress of 15 MPa in the temperature range of 1200–1400°C. The ceramics exhibit considerable ductility, attaining over 60% true strain without any edge cracking. Microstructural changes due to interaction of grain boundary viscous phase with the ultrafine and equiaxed grains were analyzed by transmission electron microscopy. Results show the grain boundary sliding accompanied by a diffusion accommodation process as the predominant deformation mechanism in these ceramics.
Volume 20 Issue 5 August 1997 pp 623-635
In 1973, Usikov and Zilbershtein proposed that the
Volume 22 Issue 3 May 1999 pp 701-708 Characterization Of Materials
High resolution electron microscopy (HREM) has emerged as a very powerful tool for probing the structure of metals and alloys. It has not only helped in unravelling the structure of materials which have been at the forefront of novel materials development such as quasicrystalline phases and high temperature superconducting compounds, but also is fast becoming a technique for solving some outstanding issues in the case of the commercial alloys thereby helping alloy development. In addition to the determination of the structures of phases, this tool is used for obtaining a first hand information of the arrangement of atoms around the various types of crystallographic defects and interphase interfaces. This mode of microscopy allows direct observation of orientation relationships between two phases across interfaces. HREM can be used for the direct examination of the prenucleation process. Initial stages of nucleation can also be studied readily in amorphous alloys, precipitation hardening alloys like maraging steels and in those systems where the formation of the omega phase occurs.
This presentation describes some results of HREM studies on various alloys, commercial as well as alloys of scientific interest, where some of the aforementioned aspects have been examined. The specific examples cited pertain to metallic glasses, NiTi shape memory alloys, Ni-Mo, Zr-Nb and Ti-Al alloys.
Volume 22 Issue 6 October 1999 pp 947-951 Quantum Well Studies
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