Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Impurity mechanism of monocrystalline silicon PERC solar cells stimulated by prelight-induced degradation


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      Although the monocrystalline silicon (mono-Si)-passivated emitter and rear contact (PERC) solar cells have achieved incredible efficiency, they still can be further improved by hydrogenation. So the hydrogenation was performedto investigate the improvement of large area (>240 cm$^2$) mono-Si PERC solar cells and estimate the significance of previous light-induced degradation (pre-LID) under a high-intensity infrared (HI-IR) LEDs source platform. Then, theresults indicated that the parameters, such as open-circuit voltage ($U_{\rm oc}$) and short-circuit current density ($J_{\rm sc}$) and fill factor (FF), could be better improved after LED hydrogenation with the execution of the pre-LID. The efficiency of mono-Si PERC solar cells with pre-LID increased by $\sim$0.190 $\pm$ 0.005%$_{\rm abs.}$ for 2 min, which was higher than that without pre-LID (0.115 $±$ 0.005%$_{\rm abs.}$). Moreover, the results showed that the efficiency of large area mono-Si PERC solar cells with light-induceddegradation (LID) treatment after LED hydrogenation only existed a slight degradation of about $-$0.253 $\pm$ 0.005%$_{\rm rel.}$. Compared with mono-Si PERC solar cells without pre-LID, the efficiency improvement and LIDmitigation of mono-Si solar cells with pre-LID was faster and more significant by LED hydrogenation, so that the LED hydrogenation time significantly can shorten from 6 to 2 min. Additionally, the possible presence of a boron-oxygen (BO) model was estimated, and this BO model is susceptible to be activated by the injection of external energy, resulting in more BO defects in the process of pre-LID, so that subsequent hydrogenation rate becomes faster.

    • Photo-induced hydrogenation and rapid cooling measure on dislocation clusters of multi-crystalline silicon PERC solar cells


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      The dislocations are the deep level defects with a negative impact on the multi-crystalline silicon (mc-Si) solar cells. Though potential mechanisms of dislocation formation on the silicon ingot have been studied, few investigations consider the effect of LED hydrogenation on dislocation clusters. In this study, we have explored the influence of hydrogenation on the dislocation clusters of large-area ($244.34 \pm 0.05$ cm$^2$) mc-Si solar cells using the high-intensity infrared LED source. However, applying normal cooling measure to hydrogenation will trigger the instability of thehydrogenation improvement effect due to residual thermal stress, so we proposed an appropriate rapid cooling measure (RCM) followed by hydrogenation and achieved optimized results. The results indicated that electrical properties, minority carrier lifetime, current density, power density and external quantum efficiency were enhanced through LED hydrogenation and RCM, and the degradation of mc-Si solar cells also was significantly suppressed. To estimate the content of dislocations after LED hydrogenation and RCM, we applied the X-ray diffraction techniques to calculate the dislocation density using the full-width at half maximum of the rocking curve at (111), (220), (311), (400) and (331) reflections. The dislocation density of mc-Si PERC solar cells was decreased by $0.12 \times 10^8$ cm$^{-2}$ ($\pm 0.02 \times 10^8$ cm$^{-2}$) after LED hydrogenation and RCM. Meanwhile, photoluminescence images also illustrated that LED hydrogenation passivated dislocation clusters as well as impurities and defects gathered by dislocations. Therefore, LED hydrogenation of dislocation clusters is an effective measure to improve the performance of dislocation-containing mc-Si solar cells.

  • Bulletin of Materials Science | News

    • Dr Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar for Science and Technology

      Posted on October 12, 2020

      Prof. Subi Jacob George — Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bengaluru
      Chemical Sciences 2020

      Prof. Surajit Dhara — School of Physics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad
      Physical Sciences 2020

    • Editorial Note on Continuous Article Publication

      Posted on July 25, 2019

      Click here for Editorial Note on CAP Mode

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