Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science
Volume 30 Issue 1 February 2007 pp 19-21 Nanomaterials
We report here for the first time a novel method of preparing nano-crystalline metatitanate, MgTiO3 geikielite, with crystalline size varying from 20–40 nm. The preparation has been carried out by coprecipitation method involving titanium hydroxide and magnesium nitrate solution. The samples were characterized by using transmission electron microscopic, powder XRD and FT–IR spectroscopic studies. The sample annealed at 900 K for 2 h show ten X-ray diffraction peaks corresponding to the pure geikielite phase. FT–IR spectra of the nano-crystalline geikielite exhibit strong broad vibrational bands near 1000, 650 and 470 cm-1 arising from normal vibrations of the TiO3 group.
Volume 31 Issue 2 April 2008 pp 155-158 Ceramics and Glasses
We report here for the first time the spectroscopic characterization of natural fulgurites of Garuamukh. On April 22, 2005 at 04 : 00 local time, large amounts of black-brown colour of colloidal solution came out from below the earth’s surface at Garuamukh near Nagaon town (latitude 26°20′39″N, longitude 92°41′39″E, Assam, India) with fire and smoke. This colloidal solution got transformed into fulgurites, glassy material, within a few hours. We present here the characterization of the fulgurites by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) absorption, X-ray diffraction and X-ray fluorescence methods. The amorphous nature of the substance has been confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectra of the fulgurites, which exhibit prominent absorption band in the region 400–1200 cm-1, the basic component of amorphous silica. The present study might have significant implications in understanding the thermodynamic properties of naturally occurring glasses, which are formed by shock metamorphism.
Volume 31 Issue 5 October 2008 pp 775-779 Ceramics and Glasses
We present here optical properties and crystallinity index of quartz (SiO2) in natural rocks samples from the Mikir and Khasi hills, Assam, India. Infrared spectroscopy has been used to study the structure of quartz in rock samples and estimate the mining quality of quartz mineral, which is substantiated by calculating the crystallinity index. Systematic investigations of structure have been carried out in between 10 𝜇m (1000 cm–1) and 20 𝜇m (500 cm–1) bands of silicates. Investigation is based on the assignment of infrared bands to certain structural groups of SiO4 tetrahedra. The crystallinity of samples has been ascertained by comparing the ratio of intensity of the characteristic peak at 778 and 695 cm–1 with the corresponding ratio for a standard sample. The crystallinity parameter is calculated by using a standard procedure which can be used to estimate the distribution of quartz in various rocks for mining purpose. The infrared spectroscopic investigation is found to be an ideal tool for structure elucidation and for estimating quartz crystallinity of the natural samples.
Volume 43, 2020
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