• G P Nayaka

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Structural, electrical and electrochemical behaviours of LiNi0.4M0.1Mn1.5O4 (𝑀 = Al, Bi) as cathode material for Li-ion batteries

      G P Nayaka J Manjanna K C Anjaneya P Manikandan P Periasamy V S Tripathi

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      In order to improve the cycling performance of LiMn2O4 based cathode materials, we have synthesized a new composition, LiNi0.4M0.1Mn1.5O4 (𝑀 = Al, Bi), by the sol–gel method. The formation of solid solutions is confirmed by structural characterization using TG/DTA, XRD, FT–IR, EPR, SEM and EPR. A.c.-impedance (Nyquist plot) showed a high frequency semicircle and a sloping line in the low-frequency region. The semicircle is ascribed to the Li-ion migration through the interface from the surface layer of the particles to the electrolyte. Cyclic voltammogram (between 3.5 and 4.9 V) for these materials using CR2032 coin-type cell shows two pairs of redox peaks corresponding to two-step reversible intercalation process, wherein Li-ions occupy two different tetragonal 8a sites in spinel Li𝑥Mn2O4 (𝑥 < 1) lattice. The galvanostatic charge/discharge curves for 𝑀 = Al (77 mAh g-1) showed reasonably good capacity retention than that of 𝑀 = Bi (11 mAh g-1) at the end of 17th cycle.

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