• Fan Wang

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Synthesis and characterization of polythiophene-modified TiO2 nanotube arrays

      Yuwei Lan Liya Zhou Zhangfa Tong Qi Pang Fan Wang Fuzhong Gong

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      The highly ordered and uniform TiO2 nanotube arrays were fabricated by anodic oxidation method and PTh(polythiophene)/TiO2 nanotube arrays electrode were obtained by electrochemical polymerization. X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) analysis confirmed the formation of TiO2 phase. The morphologies and optical characteristics of the TiO2 nanotube arrays were studied by scanning electron microscope (SEM), UV-Vis absorption spectra and Raman spectra. The results demonstrate that the PTh/TiO2 electrode could enlarge the visible light absorption region and increase the photocurrent in visible region. The modified TiO2 electrode with light-to-electric energy conversion efficiency of 1.46%, the short-circuit current density of 4.52 mAcm-2, open-circuit voltage of 0.74 V and fill factor of 0.44, were obtained.

    • An improved synthesis of iron phosphate as a precursor to synthesize lithium iron phosphate


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      Two different kinds of FePO$_4$: amorphous FePO$_4$ and crystalline FePO$_4$, were synthesized as a precursor to synthesize LiFePO$_4$/C. The crystalline FePO$_4$ was obtained by treating amorphous FePO$_4$ with phosphoric acid refluxing. Inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry was used to evaluate the impurity content. The obtained materialswere characterized by chemical analysis, scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The results showed that the performance of LiFePO$_4$/C synthesized by crystalline FePO$_4$ is significantly better than when LiFePO$_4$/C is synthesized from amorphous FePO$_4$. The capacity retention and capacity fade of LiFePO4/C synthesized from crystalline FePO$_4$ was 70.9% at $−$20$^{\circ}$C and 0.012% per cycle after 150 cycles at 1$C$, respectively. The better performance from using crystalline precursor resulted from a more uniform powder with fewer crystalline defects and impurities.

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