• Dhananjai Pandey

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Influence of incident beam divergence on the intensity of diffuse streaks

      Dhananjai Pandey S Lele Lalita Prasad J P Gauthier

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      The influence of incident beam divergence on the length of the streak intercepted by the Ewald sphere is considered, as a relpHK·L of a faulted hexagonal crystal, mounted about itsc-axis on the goniometer head attached to the ø-circle, is brought into diffracting condition for the bisecting setting of a 4-circle diffractometer. For the special crystal mounting correction factors required to convert the measured intensities corresponding to a fixed length of the streak are derived. A procedure for experimentally verifying the mathematical approach employed in these derivations is also presented.

    • Role of stacking faults in solid state transformations

      Dhananjai Pandey

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      This article illustrates the two different roles played by stacking faults in solid state transformations viz. (i) in accommodating part of the transformation strains as observed in the noble metal-based alloys undergoing martensitic transformations, and (ii) in providing a mechanism for changing the stacking sequence of layers in a variety of materials like SiC, ZnS, Co and its alloys, and certain steels. Diffraction patterns taken from the martensitic phases of noble-metal-based alloys as well as from SiC and ZnS crystals undergoing transformation from one close-packed modification to another reveal the presence of characteristic diffuse streaks. It is shown that from a theoretical analysis of the observed intensity distribution along streaked reciprocal lattice rows in terms of physically plausible models for the geometry and distribution of faults, one can make a choice between various possible routes for transformation. From simple computer simulation studies, it is shown that the observed arrest of transformations in SiC is essentially due to the insertion of stacking faults in a random space and time sequence leading to an irregular distribution of solitons.

    • Developments in ferroelectric ceramics for capacitor applications

      Dhananjai Pandey A P Singh V S Tiwari

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      A brief overview of the materials and processes for making ceramic capacitors based on BaTiO3 and relaxor ferroelectric compositions is presented with special emphasis on more recent developments.

    • Structure, synthesis and multiferroic nature of BiFeO3 and 0.9BiFeO3–0.1BaTiO3: An overview

      Dhananjai Pandey Anar Singh

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      A brief review of the crystal structure and multiferroic nature of pure BiFeO3 and 0.9BiFeO3–0.1BaTiO3 (BF–0.1BT) is presented. An atomic level evidence for magnetoelectric coupling of intrinsic multiferroic origin in BF–0.1BT is presented.

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    • Dr Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar for Science and Technology

      Posted on October 12, 2020

      Prof. Subi Jacob George — Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bengaluru
      Chemical Sciences 2020

      Prof. Surajit Dhara — School of Physics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad
      Physical Sciences 2020

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      Posted on July 25, 2019

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