• D K Avasthi

Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

• Electrical properties of ion irradiated polypropylene films

The effect of high-energy (50 MeV) Li3+ ion beam irradiation on polypropylene (PP) film has been studied in the fluence range 2.4 × 1012-1.5 × 1014 ions/cm2. The a.c. electrical properties of PP films were measured in the frequency range from 0.05–100 kHz, and at temperature range between 30 and 140°C. This study indicates two peaks at 60°C and 120°C with comparatively high magnitudes. There is an exponential increase in conductivity with log of frequency and the effect is significant at higher fluences. The loss factor (tan 𝛿) vs frequency plot suggests that PP film based capacitors may be useful below 10 kHz. The capacitance is constant over a wide temperature range up to 130°C. FTIR spectra of the PP films before and after irradiation indicate that intensity of C–H stretching vibration at 2900 cm-1 is modified. The presence of many new peaks with the increase of fluence suggests the formation of alkanes and alkynes which might be responsible for the observed changes in the dielectric and electrical properties of PP films.

• Irradiation of large area Mylar membrane and characterization of nuclear track filter

Ion irradiation of Si8+ ion beam of 100 MeV was scattered by a gold foil on a Mylar membrane of 25 𝜇m thickness in the form of film roll (width, 12.5 cm and length, 400 cm) at the Nuclear Science Centre, New Delhi. The characterization of etched nuclear tracks was carried out by gas permeation measurements. The samples cut from the film roll of required size for permeability measurements were etched in a controlled manner in a constant temperature bath of 6N NaOH solution. The opening of the conical etched tracks was characterized by hydrogen gas permeation.

• Analysis of organometallics dispersed polymer composite irradiated with oxygen ions

Thin films of polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) were synthesized. Ferric oxalate was dispersed in PMMA films. These films were irradiated with 80 MeV O6+ ions at a fluence of 1 × 1011 ions/cm2. The radiation induced changes in electrical conductivity, Mössbauer parameter, microhardness and surface roughness were investigated. It is observed that hardness and electrical conductivity of the film increases with the concentration of dispersed ferric oxalate and also with the fluence. It indicates that ion beam irradiation promotes

the metal to polymer bonding and

convert the polymeric structure into hydrogen depleted carbon network.

Thus irradiation makes the polymer harder and more conductive. Before irradiation, no Mössbauer absorption was observed. The irradiated sample showed Mössbauer absorption, which seems to indicate that there is significant interaction between the metal ion and polymer matrix. Atomic force microscopy shows that the average roughness (𝑅a) of the irradiated film is lower than the unirradiated one.

• Preparation of Al–Sb semiconductor by swift heavy ion irradiation

Al–Sb bilayer thin films having various thicknesses were deposited by thermal evaporation on ITO-coated conducting glass substrates at a pressure of 10-5 torr. These films were irradiated by Ag12+ heavy ions of energy, 160 MeV, with a fluence of 2.2 × 1013 ions/cm2, to get aluminum antimonide semiconductor. Rutherford back scattering and optical band gap data confirmed mixing of bilayer to form the semi-conducting system.

• Effect of ion beam irradiation on metal particle doped polymer composites

Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) was prepared by solution polymerization method. Different concentrations (10, 20 and 40%) of Ni powder were dispersed in PMMA and the composite films were prepared by casting method. These films were irradiated with 120 MeV Ni$^{10+}$ ions at a fluence of 5 × 1012 ions/cm2. Electrical, structural and chemical properties of the composites were studied by means of an LCR meter, X-ray diffraction, FTIR spectroscopy and SEM/AFM, respectively. The results showed that the conductivity increases with metal concentration and also with ion beam irradiation. This reveals that ion beam irradiation promotes the metal/polymer bonding and converts polymeric structure into hydrogen depleted carbon network. It was observed from XRD analysis that percentage crystallinity and crystalline size decrease upon irradiation. This might be attributed to rupture of some polymeric bonds, which is also corroborated with FTIR spectroscopic analysis. Ion beam tempts graphitization of polymeric material by emission of hydrogen and/or other volatile gases. Surface morphology of the pristine and irradiated films was studied by atomic force microscopy (AFM)/scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Result showed that the surface roughness increases after ion beam irradiation.

• Bulletin of Materials Science

Current Issue
Volume 42 | Issue 6
December 2019

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Posted on July 25, 2019