Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science
Volume 31 Issue 7 December 2008 pp 925-929 Nanomatter
Colloidal Cu2O solutions were used to explore photonic activities at the semiconductor/electrolyte interface. Fluorescence spectroscopic studies were performed on Cu2O colloidal particles modified with some conjugated organic monomers such as 2-amino-phenyl pyrrole (2-APPy), tri-phenyl amine (TPA), or 2-thionyl pyrrole (2-Th-Py) to investigate the quantum absorbance efficiency at this inorganic/organic interface (IOI). Our study shows that colloidal 𝑝-type Cu2O possesses a bandgap with direct transition of ≈ 2.2 eV and indirect transition of 1.85 eV. The recorded rates of charge injection into colloidal Cu2O, 𝑘ct, were 2.31 × 109 s-1, 5.05 × 108 s-1, and 7.22 × 108 s-1 for 2-APPy, TPA and 2-Th-Py, respectively. The studied systems show more stability in colloidal form than in thin solid form. Results were interpreted using the optical and electrical parameters of the organic monomer such as ionization potential (IP), electron affinity (EA) and energy bandgap (Eg), and the barrier height at the IOI interface. Stability of the colloidal system is attributed to the physical dimensions of the photoactive system. The nano-colloidal particle offers a condition where its size is less than √𝐷𝑡.
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