Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science
Volume 20 Issue 1 February 1997 pp 125-133
The effect of electrolyte temperature on the polarization characteristics of an Al-Li alloy of composition Al-1·90 Li-1·80 Cu-1·00Mg-0·09Zr in 0·1 M NaOH solution was studied by the potentiodynamic polarization method. The electrolyte temperature was the equilibrium temperature established due to the prevailing weather conditions at different times in the year. The alloys exhibited active-passive behaviour at all the temperatures. It was found that the temperature of electrolyte affected the polarization behaviour of the alloys. The zero current potential and the open circuit potential were nobler with decreasing temperature. The corrosion current density, critical current density and passive current density increased with temperature, indicating the activated nature of the electrochemical process. The passive range was higher at 35°C compared to other temperatures. The temperature effect on polarization behaviour has also been explained by considering the dissolved oxygen concentration in the electrolyte at different temperatures. The ennoblement of Cu on the Al-Li alloy surface has also been addressed.
Volume 21 Issue 6 December 1998 pp 485-492 Surface Films
The nature of surface films that form under free corrosion conditions, and their effect on the subsequent polarization behaviour of an Al-1·90Li-1·80Cu-1·00Mg-0·09Zr alloy in 0·1 mol/l NaOH solution at 35°C have been studied. The variation of open circuit potential (OCP) as a function of time is characteristic for the alloy in the electrolyte. It initially changes in the noble direction with the surface of the specimen being enveloped by a black coating, and, later, when the black coating is punctured at some localized regions, the OCP shifts and stabilizes at an active value of −1450 mV vs saturated calomel electrode (SCE). X-ray diffraction analysis of the surface film layer indicates that it consists of essentially lithium aluminum hydroxide at shorter immersion time, and lithium aluminum hydroxide and copper hydroxide after longer immersion time in the electrolyte. The scale morphology as a function of immersion time has also been studied by scanning electron microscopy. Polarization experiments conducted after 2 and 15 h of immersion revealed that the alloy exhibited active-passive type polarization behaviour in both the cases. The polarization behaviour of the specimen immersed for longer times has been explained by considering Cu ennoblement on the surface. It was also observed that the hydride LiAlH4 forms on the surface regions of the alloy under free corrosion conditions.
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