Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Microstructure, dielectric and piezoelectric properties of lead-free Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3−Bi0.5K0.5TiO3−BiMnO3 ceramics

      Huabin Yang Xu Shan Changrong Zhou Qin Zhou Weizhou Li Jun Cheng

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      To improve the piezoelectric properties of Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-based ceramics, a new perovskite-type leadfree piezoelectric (1 – 𝑥 – 𝑦)Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3−𝑥Bi0.5K0.5TiO3−𝑦BiMnO3 system has been fabricated by a conventional solid–state reaction method and their microstructure, dielectric and piezoelectric properties have been investigated. The results of X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis reveal that the addition of small amounts of BiMnO3 did not cause a remarkable change in crystal structure, but resulted in an evident evolution inmicrostructure. An obvious secondary phase was observed in samples with high Bi0.5K0.5TiO3 content. It is found from dielectric constant curves that low-temperature hump disappeared with increasing y and it appeared again with increasing x. The piezoelectric properties significantly increase with increasing Bi0.5K0.5TiO3 and BiMnO3 content. The piezoelectric constant and electromechanical coupling factor attain maximum values of 𝑑33 = 182 pC/N at 𝑥 = 0.21(𝑦 = 0.01) and 𝑘p = 0.333 at 𝑥 = 0.18 (𝑦 = 0.01), respectively.

    • Correlation between temperature-dependent permittivity dispersion and depolarization behaviours in Zr4+-modified BiFeO3–BaTiO3 piezoelectric ceramics

      Weidong Zeng Changrong Zhou Jianrong Xiao Jiafeng Ma

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      The correlation between permittivity frequency dispersion and depoling process upon heating was investigated in Zr4+-modified 0.75BiFeO3–0.25BaTiO3 (BF–BZT) ceramics. The temperature-dependent permittivity 𝜀r(𝑇) and the piezoelectric coefficient 𝑑33 for poled samples were measured under heating conditions to clarify the depolarization mechanism. The results indicate that the poling temperature plays a crucial role in the domains' alignment process, as expected. The temperature-dependent permittivity frequency dispersion and depolarization behaviours may have same origin. The aligned domains' break up into random state/nanodomains at depoling temperature (𝑇 d), which causes strong frequency dependence of the permittivity, simultaneously, induces the loss of piezoelectricity. It suggests that the temperature-dependent permittivity measurements method is a simple way to determine the depolarization temperature.

    • Effect of domains configuration on crystal structure in ferroelectric ceramics as revealed by XRD and dielectric spectrum


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      It is well known that domains and crystal structure control the physical properties of ferroelectrics. The ex-situelectric field-dependent structural study, carried out in unpoled/poled crushed powder and bulk samples for (Li$_{0.5}$Nd$_{0.5}$)$^{2+}$ modified 0.95Bi$_{0.5}$Na$_{0.5}$TiO$_3$−0.05BaTiO$_3$ solid solution, established a correlation between domain configuration andcrystal structure variation. Under applying electric field, the smeared ferroelectric phase structure due to coherence diffractioneffect of nanodomains reappeared due to obsolescent coherence effect associated with the field-induced ordered nanodomains.The macroscopic characterizing techniques of domain configuration such as dielectric constant spectroscopy and X-raydiffraction measurement can provide a basis for understanding the correlation between domains configuration and crystalstructure in ferroelectric ceramics.

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