C H Xia
Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science
Volume 34 Issue 5 August 2011 pp 1033-1037
Mn-doped CeO2 nanorods have been prepared from CeO2 particles through a facile compositehydroxide-mediated (CHM) approach. The products were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The analysis from the X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy indicates that the manganese doped in CeO2 exists as Mn4+. The responses to humidity for static and dynamic testing proved dopingMn into CeO2 can improve the humidity sensitivity. For the sample with Mn% about 1.22, the resistance changes from 375.3 to 2.7M𝛺 as the relative humidity (RH) increases from 25 to 90%, indicating promising applications of the Mn-doped CeO2 nanorods in environmental monitoring.
Volume 34 Issue 5 August 2011 pp 1083-1087
We have investigated properties of the Cu-doped ZnO crystalline film synthesized by the hydrothermal method. X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy results provide the evidence that Cu2+ is incorporated into the ZnO lattices. Photoluminescence spectrum of the rod arrays shows that the UV emission peak shifts a little to lower energy and its intensity decreased. There are another two emission peaks centred in blue and green regions because of the incorporation of Cu2+ ions. The rod arrays have exhibited room-temperature ferromagnetic behaviour with the remanence of 0.926 × 10-3 emu/cm3. We suggest that the exchange interaction between local spin-polarized electrons (such as the electrons of Cu2+ ions) and conductive electrons is the cause of room-temperature ferromagnetism.
Volume 42 | Issue 3