• C H Xia

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Synthesis of Mn-doped CeO2 nanorods and their application as humidity sensors

      C H Hu C H Xia F Wang M Zhou P F Yin X Y Han

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      Mn-doped CeO2 nanorods have been prepared from CeO2 particles through a facile compositehydroxide-mediated (CHM) approach. The products were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The analysis from the X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy indicates that the manganese doped in CeO2 exists as Mn4+. The responses to humidity for static and dynamic testing proved dopingMn into CeO2 can improve the humidity sensitivity. For the sample with Mn% about 1.22, the resistance changes from 375.3 to 2.7M𝛺 as the relative humidity (RH) increases from 25 to 90%, indicating promising applications of the Mn-doped CeO2 nanorods in environmental monitoring.

    • Room-temperature ferromagnetic properties of Cu-doped ZnO rod arrays

      C H Xia C G Hu C H Hu Z Ping F Wang

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      We have investigated properties of the Cu-doped ZnO crystalline film synthesized by the hydrothermal method. X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy results provide the evidence that Cu2+ is incorporated into the ZnO lattices. Photoluminescence spectrum of the rod arrays shows that the UV emission peak shifts a little to lower energy and its intensity decreased. There are another two emission peaks centred in blue and green regions because of the incorporation of Cu2+ ions. The rod arrays have exhibited room-temperature ferromagnetic behaviour with the remanence of 0.926 × 10-3 emu/cm3. We suggest that the exchange interaction between local spin-polarized electrons (such as the electrons of Cu2+ ions) and conductive electrons is the cause of room-temperature ferromagnetism.

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