• Basudam Adhikari

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Synthesis and performance of a novel polyurethaneurea as pervaporation membrane for the selective removal of phenol from industrial waste water

      Tarakranjan Gupta Narayan C Pradhan Basudam Adhikari

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      Hydroxyterminated polybutadiene (HTPB) was reacted with 2,4-toluene diisocyanate (TDI)followed by the addition of a diamine chain extender (prepared by the condensation reaction of 4,4′-diaminodiphenylsulfone and terepthalaldehyde) to prepare an imine containing polyurethaneurea (PIUU). The prepared polyurethaneurea was caste in order to obtain polymer film. The new polyurethaneurea film showed high phenol selectivity as pervaporation membrane. About 88% phenol was obtained in condensed permeate when pervaporation was performed at 50°C with 7% aqueous phenol solution as feed and permeate side pressure was maintained at 5 mm of Hg.

    • Polyvinyl alcohol–cellulose composite: a taste sensing material

      Sarmishtha Majumdar Basudam Adhikari

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      There are reports of fabrication of taste sensor by adsorbing lipids into Millipore filter paper. With this lipid based sensor, it has been found that the taste sensing efficiency of membrane can be remarkably improved. We have made an attempt to prepare taste sensor material by using functionalized polymer without any lipid. PVA–cellulose composite has been modified to use as the sensor material. The research work covers polymer membrane preparation, morphology study and structural characterization of the membrane and study of the taste sensing characteristics of this membrane for five different taste substances. PVA–cellulose composite membrane was modified by phosphorylation with POCl3. FTIR spectroscopic analysis, XRD analysis and SEM were done to get an idea about the structure and morphology of the prepared phosphorylated PVA–cellulose composite membrane. The sensor characteristics like temporal stability, response stability, response to different taste substances, and reproducibility of sensing performance were studied using phosphorylated PVA–cellulose composite membrane. Sensor device prepared with this membrane has shown distinct response patterns for different taste substances in terms of membrane potential. Threshold concentrations of phosphorylated PVA–cellulose composite membrane for HCl, NaCl, Q-HCl, sucrose and MSG are 0.001 mM, 0.001 mM, 0.001 mM, 0.001 mM and 0.009 mM, respectively. The threshold concentrations are below human threshold concentrations. Membranes also showed characteristic response patterns for organic acids like acetic acid, citric acid, formic acid etc, mineral acids like HCl, H2SO4 and HNO3 salts, bitter substances, sweet substances and umami substances. Sensor device prepared with this membrane has excellent shelf life.

    • Synthesis and characterization of porous polyurethaneurea membranes for pervaporative separation of 4-nitrophenol from aqueous solution

      Ujjal K Ghosh Narayan C Pradhan Basudam Adhikari

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      Hydroxyterminated polybutadiene (HTPB) based porous polyurethaneurea (PUU) membranes were prepared. The porosity was developed by incorporation of lithium chloride into polymer matrix with subsequent leaching of the same in hot water. Scanning electron microscopic analysis of the prepared membrane surfaces was performed. The pervaporation performance of the synthesized membrane was studied with aqueous 4-nitrophenol solution as feed. The effects of various parameters on 4-nitrophenol separation factor and total as well as 4-nitrophenol flux were studied. Polyurethaneurea membrane was found to permeate 4-nitrophenol selectively with high separation factors for the organic component. Pore size and number of pores on the surface of the membrane were calculated from SEM image of the membranes. Effects of pore size and porosity on pervaporation flux were also investigated.

    • Influence of dielectric constant of polymerization medium on processability and ammonia gas sensing properties of polyaniline

      Partha Pratim Sengupta Pradip Kar Basudam Adhikari

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      Polyaniline (PANI) was synthesized by the oxidation of aniline hydrochloride in the presence of ammonium persulphate and hydrochloric acid. The polymerization reaction was carried out in several batches in different solvent media by changing the volume ratio of 𝑁,𝑁-dimethyl formamide (DMF) and water as binary solvent mixture. The dielectric constant of the polymerizationmedium for each batch reaction was determined by measuring the capacitance with change in frequency. The UV spectra of the synthesized polyaniline solutions helped us to optimize the ratio of the binary solvent to get sufficient polymer growth and processability. Thin film of processable polyaniline was then deposited on glass slides coated with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) crosslinked with maleic anhydride (MA). FTIR and XRD studies of the coated film were also done. AFM studies further helped in the morphological study of the film deposited. Finally, conductivity and ammonia gas-sensing property of the polyaniline film were also studied.

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