• B I Ita

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Magneto-structural properties of Ni–Zn nanoferrites synthesized by the low-temperature auto-combustion method

      C O Ehi-Eromosele B I Ita E Ej Iweala S A Adalikwu P A L Anawe

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      Using nickel, zinc and ferric nitrates, and glycine in a fuel-rich composition, Ni1–𝑥Zn𝑥Fe2O4 nanoparticles were prepared by a simple low-temperature auto-combustion method without further sintering at high temperatures. The auto-combusted powders obtained were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray (EDAX) analysis and vibrating scanning magnetometer measurements. XRD confirms the formation of pure nanocrystalline spinel phases with an average diameter of about 55 nm. Raman spectra show tetrahedral and octahedral sites in the structure of Ni1–𝑥Zn𝑥Fe2O4 and also imply the doping of Zn2+ and displacement of Fe3+ ions from the tetrahedral site. EDAX showed that the samples were close to the nominal compositions. The magnetic measurement shows that the saturation magnetization and remanence magnetization decreases with the increase in the zinc content.

    • Structural, morphological and magnetic properties of La1−𝑥Na𝑦MnO3 (𝑦 ≤ 𝑥) nanoparticles produced by the solution combustion method

      C O Ehi-Eromosele B I Ita K O Ajanaku A Edobor-Osoh O Aladesuyi S A Adalikwu F E Ehi-Eromosele

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      The rapid solution combustion synthesis and characterization of sodium (Na)-substituted LaMnO3 phases at relatively low temperature using polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) as fuel were reported. The thermal decomposition process investigated by means of differential and thermal gravimetric analysis (TG–DTA) showed that the use of PVA as a fuel was satisfactory in the synthesis of the perovskite manganite compound. Structural study using X-ray diffraction showed that all the samples were single phasic without any detectable impurities within the measurement range. Also, the Na-substituted compounds crystallize with rhombohedral symmetry (space group R-3c, no. 167) with La0.80Na0.15MnO3 manganite sample giving the highest crystallinity. Microstructural features observed by field-emission scanning electron microscopy demonstrated that most of the grains were nearly spherical in shape with fairly uniform distribution and all the observed particles connect with each other. Energy-dispersive X-ray analyses confirm the homogeneity of the samples. Increase in magnetic moment was observed with the increase in sodium doping. Room-temperature vibrating sample magnetometer measurements showed that the samples were ferromagnetic with compositions 𝑦=0.10, 0.15 and 0.20 showing relatively high magnetic moments of 33, 34 and 36 emu 𝑔−1, respectively.

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    • Dr Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar for Science and Technology

      Posted on October 12, 2020

      Prof. Subi Jacob George — Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bengaluru
      Chemical Sciences 2020

      Prof. Surajit Dhara — School of Physics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad
      Physical Sciences 2020

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      Posted on July 25, 2019

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