• Anjum Qureshi

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Analysis of organometallics dispersed polymer composite irradiated with oxygen ions

      N L Singh Anjum Qureshi A K Rakshit D K Avasthi

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      Thin films of polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) were synthesized. Ferric oxalate was dispersed in PMMA films. These films were irradiated with 80 MeV O6+ ions at a fluence of 1 × 1011 ions/cm2. The radiation induced changes in electrical conductivity, Mössbauer parameter, microhardness and surface roughness were investigated. It is observed that hardness and electrical conductivity of the film increases with the concentration of dispersed ferric oxalate and also with the fluence. It indicates that ion beam irradiation promotes

      1. the metal to polymer bonding and
      2. convert the polymeric structure into hydrogen depleted carbon network.

      Thus irradiation makes the polymer harder and more conductive. Before irradiation, no Mössbauer absorption was observed. The irradiated sample showed Mössbauer absorption, which seems to indicate that there is significant interaction between the metal ion and polymer matrix. Atomic force microscopy shows that the average roughness (𝑅a) of the irradiated film is lower than the unirradiated one.

    • Study of microhardness and electrical properties of proton irradiated polyethersulfone (PES)

      Nilam Shah Dolly Singh Sejal Shah Anjum Qureshi N L Singh K P Singh

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      Polyethersulfone (PES) films were irradiated with 3 MeV proton beams in the fluence range 1013–1015 ions/cm2. The radiation induced changes in microhardness was investigated by a Vickers’ microhardness tester in the load range 100–1000 mN and electrical properties in the frequency range 100 Hz–1 MHz by an LCR meter. It is observed that microhardness of the film increases significantly as fluence increases up to 1014 ions/cm2. The bulk hardness of the films is obtained at a load of 400 mN. The increase in hardness may be attributed to the cross linking effect. There is an exponential increase in conductivity with log frequency and the effect of irradiation is significant at higher fluences. The dielectric constant/loss is observed to change significantly due to irradiation. It has been found that dielectric response in both pristine and irradiated samples obey the Universal law and is given by 𝜀 ∝ 𝑓n–1. These results were corroborated with structural changes observed in FTIR spectra of irradiated samples.

    • Effect of ion beam irradiation on metal particle doped polymer composites

      N L Singh Sejal Shah Anjum Qureshi A Tripathi F Singh D K Avasthi P M Raole

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      Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) was prepared by solution polymerization method. Different concentrations (10, 20 and 40%) of Ni powder were dispersed in PMMA and the composite films were prepared by casting method. These films were irradiated with 120 MeV Ni$^{10+}$ ions at a fluence of 5 × 1012 ions/cm2. Electrical, structural and chemical properties of the composites were studied by means of an LCR meter, X-ray diffraction, FTIR spectroscopy and SEM/AFM, respectively. The results showed that the conductivity increases with metal concentration and also with ion beam irradiation. This reveals that ion beam irradiation promotes the metal/polymer bonding and converts polymeric structure into hydrogen depleted carbon network. It was observed from XRD analysis that percentage crystallinity and crystalline size decrease upon irradiation. This might be attributed to rupture of some polymeric bonds, which is also corroborated with FTIR spectroscopic analysis. Ion beam tempts graphitization of polymeric material by emission of hydrogen and/or other volatile gases. Surface morphology of the pristine and irradiated films was studied by atomic force microscopy (AFM)/scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Result showed that the surface roughness increases after ion beam irradiation.

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