• A Kumar

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Effect of hydroxyl content on the physical properties of calcium metaphosphate glasses

      B Karmakar P Kundu Anup K Chaudhuri K Annapurna A Kumar R N Dwivedi

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      The hydroxyl (OH) content of calcium metaphosphate glasses has been controlled in the range 50–800 ppm by melting calcium dihydrogen phosphate in air, under vacuum and with fluoride addition. Density, refractive index and glass transition temperature of the glasses increase with decrease in OH content while the coefficient of thermal expansion remains almost unchanged. With gradual decrease in OH, the UV cutoff initially shifts towards shorter and finally towards longer wavelengths. IR spectroscopic study shows that the OH groups exist exclusively in the hydrogen bonded states. Correlations of the glass properties with OH content have been explained in terms of structural rearrangement leading to the change in P-O bond length and O-P-O/P-O-P bond angles of the PO4 tetrahedral units of (PO3)n chains. These changes are caused due to conversion of non-bridging oxygens (NBOs) of the H-bonded OH groups into bridging oxygens (BOs) during progress of dehydroxylation.

    • A novel micro-solid oxide fuel cell ($\mu$-SOFC) for detecting methane content in biogas


      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      A novel micro-solid oxide fuel cell ($\mu$-SOFC), with a rectangular saw-tooth shape, was designed with a 50 wt% BYCF $+$ 50 wt% GDC$_{10}$ cathode and a 60 wt% NiO $+$ 40 wt% GDC10 anode deposited on a GDC$_{10}$ electrolyte substrate by the spray pyrolysis technique. $\mu$-SOFC receives methane only (CH$_4$) as fuel gas from one side. The fuel gas was applied at a flow rate of 0.2 l min$^{−1}$. The power density obtained was 1.0 $\mu$W at 800$^{\circ}$C. Voltage levels generated by the $\mu$-SOFCat 40–99.99% CH$_4$ was highly accurate representing the quantity of CH$_4$. Low accuracy was observed at 10–30% of CH$_4$. Therefore, $\mu$-SOFC is an application of SOFC technology to be a sensor for economically detecting CH$_4$ in a biogas system, while being capable of operating in humid conditions at high temperatures.

  • Bulletin of Materials Science | News

    • Dr Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar for Science and Technology

      Posted on October 12, 2020

      Prof. Subi Jacob George — Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bengaluru
      Chemical Sciences 2020

      Prof. Surajit Dhara — School of Physics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad
      Physical Sciences 2020

    • Editorial Note on Continuous Article Publication

      Posted on July 25, 2019

      Click here for Editorial Note on CAP Mode

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