Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Investigation of high temperature superconductivity through microwave absorption method

      C M Srivastava N Venkatramani A Datta N S H Rao

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      The field dependence and near zero magnetic field microwave absorption as a function of rf power in YBa2Cu3O7−δ and Bi-Ca-Sr-Cu-O has been studied using a varian ESR spectrometer. A model of microwave absorption built on diamagnetic tensor susceptibility has been proposed which explains the observed results satisfactorily.

    • Synthesis of aluminium matrix composites containing nanocrystalline oxide phases

      S K Pradhan A Datta A Chatterjee M De D Chakravorty

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      Using nanocrystalline particles of mullite and zirconia respectively with diameters in the range 20–30 nm prepared by a sol-gel route, aluminium metal-matrix composites have been synthesized. A hot pressing technique has been used with temperatures varying from 450–610°C. The vickers hardness values for the composites are found to be substantially higher than that of pure aluminium. An order of magnitude increase in hardness is achieved when Al5Mo phase is grown in the composite.

    • Paths to lowering critical point in a two-dimensional order–disorder transition by Au nanoparticle ‘decoration’


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      Effect of mixing dodecanethiol-capped Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) on the critical point of the liquid ordered ($L_{\rm o}$) to liquid disordered ($L_{\rm d}$) phase transition of myristic acid (MyA) Langmuir monolayer has been studied through quantitative evaluation of the two-dimensional patterns of AuNP clusters created through de-mixing and observed through Brewster angle microscopy. The critical temperature ($T_{\rm c}$), marked by the emergence of a Bethe lattice-like (BLL) pattern of ‘fingers’ and ‘arms’, was brought down from 38$^{\circ}$C in pristine MyA monolayers to 28 and 10$^{\circ}$C for 20 and 40% w/w AuNP concentrations. Analysis of the BLL at the length scales of these ‘fingers’ and ‘arms’ showed that the lowering of $T_{\rm c}$ follows two different paths for the two concentrations, through a repulsive force for the lower and an attractive force for the higher concentration at the ‘fingers’ length scale, while at the scale of ‘arms’ the force between NPs is always repulsive. Based on the observations that the repulsive force operates at larger interparticle separation and the attractive one acts at smaller separations, we tentatively assign the first to be a dipolar repulsion and the second to be lipophilic force of quantummechanical origin.We have also indicated qualitatively how this realignment of forces between nanoparticles can affect the lipophilic force between the hydrocarbon chains of the NP capping and those chains in the monolayer.

  • Bulletin of Materials Science | News

    • Dr Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar for Science and Technology

      Posted on October 12, 2020

      Prof. Subi Jacob George — Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bengaluru
      Chemical Sciences 2020

      Prof. Surajit Dhara — School of Physics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad
      Physical Sciences 2020

    • Editorial Note on Continuous Article Publication

      Posted on July 25, 2019

      Click here for Editorial Note on CAP Mode

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