Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Enhanced photocatalytic activity of SnO$_2$ NPs by chromium (Cr) concentration


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      This study reports the synthesis of un- and chromium (Cr)-doped tin dioxide (SnO$_2$) nanoparticles (NPs) through chemical precipitation and their application for photodegradation of methylene blue dye. The obtained NPs were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, elemental mapping and ultraviolet–visible (UV–Vis) spectroscopy. The TEM and XRD results demonstrated that the SnO$_2$ NPs are spherical and contain polycrystalline tetragonal crystals. UV–Vis spectra showed that increasing the concentration of the Cr dopant enhances the light absorption potential of the SnO$_2$ NPs. Finally, the findings of the photocatalytic experiments performed for 120 min in ultraviolet irradiation under ambient conditions revealed an improvement inthe degradation efficiency of the SnO$_2$ NPs by Cr doping.

    • Photosensitization effect on visible-light-induced photocatalytic performance of TiO$_2$/chlorophyll and flavonoid nanostructures: kinetic and isotherm studies


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      Preparation and performance of natural dye-sensitized photocatalysts of TiO$_2$ are described in this study. Such sensitized nanostructures offer visible-light-reactive systems for the photodegradation of organic pollutants. Natural pigments of chlorophyll and flavonoid extracted from parsley leaves and Curcuma longa roots are grated on TiO$_2$ nanoparticlesas photosensitizers using an incipient wetness impregnation method. The as-prepared samples are structurally characterized by combined techniques, such as X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and Fourier transform infrared. The diffuse reflectance UV–Vis spectra are also used to investigate band-gap energies. The resultant band-gap energies confirm the ability of visible light absorption and thereby the ability of more efficient generation of photoexcited charge-carriers. The photocatalytic performance of dye-sensitized nanoparticles is tested in terms of decolourization efficiency of MB dye as a function of involved operating parameters including reaction time, amount of catalyst, initial MB concentration and pH. Both samples show the excellent photocatalytic efficiencies relevant to the red shift generated and high absorption of photons in the visible region. However, the highest efficiency is obtained for TiO$_2$/chlorophyll catalysts (93%) compared to TiO$_2$/flavonoid samples (91%), which is perfectly in agreement with their band-gap energies and visible-light absorption ability. Photodegradation process kinetics is investigated by the Langmuir–Hinshelwood model, while the adsorption equilibrium is described based on Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms.

    • Comparative analysis on optical and photocatalytic properties of chlorophyll/curumin-sensitized TiO$_2$ nanoparticles for phenol degradation


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      In this work, natural-dye-sensitized photocatalysts (NDSPs) of TiO$_2$ were prepared by a simple wetness impregnation method, in which natural pigments of chlorophyll and curcumin were initially extracted from fresh parsley leaves andlong roots of dried turmeric, respectively. The as-prepared NDSPs were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and UV–vis diffuse reflectance (DRS) spectroscopy. XRD and SEM studies verified intact structural and morphological properties for NDSPs of TiO$_2$ compared to non-sensitized nanostructures, while FT-IR and DRS analyses confirmed the presence of dye pigments on the surface of TiO$_2$ photocatalysts after the photosensitization process. A red-shift towards longer wavelengths was observed in band-gap energies ofdye-sensitized samples. These NDSPs indicated efficient photocatalytic performances towards decomposing phenol in visible light irradiation. Phenol degradation experiments are systematically conducted to optimize four key operating parameters, including irradiation time, initial pH of the reaction mixture, dye-sensitized TiO$_2$ dosage and initial phenol concentration. Dye-sensitization using chlorophyll pigments results in the highest phenol degradation rate (85%) compared with that of samples sensitized with curcumin pigments (75%), which is perfectly in agreement with the corresponding band-gap energies. Photodegradation processes were modelled by the Langmuir–Hinshelwood kinetics, while the adsorption equilibrium was investigated based on Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms. Lastly, possible mechanisms involved in the process of phenol photodecomposition were proposed.

  • Bulletin of Materials Science | News

    • Dr Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar for Science and Technology

      Posted on October 12, 2020

      Prof. Subi Jacob George — Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bengaluru
      Chemical Sciences 2020

      Prof. Surajit Dhara — School of Physics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad
      Physical Sciences 2020

    • Editorial Note on Continuous Article Publication

      Posted on July 25, 2019

      Click here for Editorial Note on CAP Mode

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