Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science
Volume 42 Issue 4 August 2019 Article ID 0158
This study reports the synthesis of un- and chromium (Cr)-doped tin dioxide (SnO$_2$) nanoparticles (NPs) through chemical precipitation and their application for photodegradation of methylene blue dye. The obtained NPs were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, elemental mapping and ultraviolet–visible (UV–Vis) spectroscopy. The TEM and XRD results demonstrated that the SnO$_2$ NPs are spherical and contain polycrystalline tetragonal crystals. UV–Vis spectra showed that increasing the concentration of the Cr dopant enhances the light absorption potential of the SnO$_2$ NPs. Finally, the findings of the photocatalytic experiments performed for 120 min in ultraviolet irradiation under ambient conditions revealed an improvement inthe degradation efficiency of the SnO$_2$ NPs by Cr doping.
Volume 42 Issue 5 October 2019 Article ID 0248
Preparation and performance of natural dye-sensitized photocatalysts of TiO$_2$ are described in this study. Such sensitized nanostructures offer visible-light-reactive systems for the photodegradation of organic pollutants. Natural pigments of chlorophyll and flavonoid extracted from parsley leaves and
Volume 43 All articles Published: 22 January 2020 Article ID 0052
In this work, natural-dye-sensitized photocatalysts (NDSPs) of TiO$_2$ were prepared by a simple wetness impregnation method, in which natural pigments of chlorophyll and curcumin were initially extracted from fresh parsley leaves andlong roots of dried turmeric, respectively. The as-prepared NDSPs were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and UV–vis diffuse reflectance (DRS) spectroscopy. XRD and SEM studies verified intact structural and morphological properties for NDSPs of TiO$_2$ compared to non-sensitized nanostructures, while FT-IR and DRS analyses confirmed the presence of dye pigments on the surface of TiO$_2$ photocatalysts after the photosensitization process. A red-shift towards longer wavelengths was observed in band-gap energies ofdye-sensitized samples. These NDSPs indicated efficient photocatalytic performances towards decomposing phenol in visible light irradiation. Phenol degradation experiments are systematically conducted to optimize four key operating parameters, including irradiation time, initial pH of the reaction mixture, dye-sensitized TiO$_2$ dosage and initial phenol concentration. Dye-sensitization using chlorophyll pigments results in the highest phenol degradation rate (85%) compared with that of samples sensitized with curcumin pigments (75%), which is perfectly in agreement with the corresponding band-gap energies. Photodegradation processes were modelled by the Langmuir–Hinshelwood kinetics, while the adsorption equilibrium was investigated based on Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms. Lastly, possible mechanisms involved in the process of phenol photodecomposition were proposed.
Volume 43, 2020
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