• ASHIMA HOODA

Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

• Compositional dependence of properties in calcium substituted sodium borophosphate glasses containing VO$^{2+}$ ions

Synthesis of calcium-substituted sodium borophosphate glasses with compositions $x{\rm CaO} − (30 − x){\rm Na}_2{\rm O} −35{\rm B}_2{\rm O}_3−35{\rm P}_2{\rm O}_5$ ($x = 0$, 2, 5, 7 and 10 mol%, abbreviated as CNV$x$) containing additional 1.0 mol% of V$_2$O$_5$ following a melt-quench method has been carried out. Different analytical techniques viz. wide angle X-ray diffraction (to confirm noncrystallinenature), ultraviolet–visible spectroscopy (for optical band gap analysis), infrared absorption spectroscopy (for structural analysis) and differential thermal analysis (to evaluate characteristic temperatures) were employed to characterizethe synthesized compositions. The optical band gap is calculated for both indirect allowed and indirect forbidden transitions. The values of the band gap decrease with increasing concentration of CaO (from 5 to 10 mol%) at the cost of Na$_2$O. The cut-off wavelength and Urbach’s energy are determined from the optical absorption spectra and were related to the structural changes occurring in these glasses with an increase in CaO content. The results obtained from Fourier-transform infrared studies confirm that V$_2$O$_5$ and CaO play the role of network modifier oxides. Also, the significant shifting in IR bands with an increase in CaO content in the glass matrix suggests the formation of a new boron–oxygen ring. From differential scanning calorimetry measurements it is observed that substitution leads to the increase in natural bond orbitals,high degree cross-linking and thus strengthens the glass network. Glass transition temperature ($T_{\rm g}$) is found to increase from 483 to 522$^{\circ}$C. Electrical and dielectric properties are analysed using dc conductivity and impedance spectroscopy. Using impedance spectroscopy, different dielectric parameters i.e. dielectric loss ($\epsilon^{\prime}$), electrical modulus ($M^∗$) and ac conductivity ($\sigma_{\rm ac}$) etc. are evaluated as a function of frequency, temperature and composition. The frequency dependence of impedance exhibits the non-Debye relaxation behaviour and the total conductivity obeys Jonscher’s power law.

• Crystallization of BaFe$_{12}$O$_{19}$ magnetic particles in Fe$_2$O$_3$–B$_2$O$_3$– Bi$_2$O$_3$–BaO–LiCl glass ceramics

The glasses with composition xFe$_2$O$_3$(55-x)B$_2$O$_3$–10Bi$_2$O$_3$–25BaO–10LiCl (where x = 0.0, 5.0, 7.0, 10.0,12.0 and 15.0) are fabricated via melt-quench technique. Structural and physical properties of as-prepared and thermally treated glass samples have been explored using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and density measurements. The amorphous nature and formation of crystallites (BiB$_3$O$_6$ and BaFe$_{12}$O$_{19}$) after giving thermal treatment have been confirmed by both XRD and FTIR spectra. FTIR spectra reveal that broad peaks becamesharp on thermal treatment and fraction of 4-coordinated boron atoms N$_4$ increases for as-prepared as well as thermally treated samples as iron content increases, which suggest participation of iron ions in glass network. Variation in density and molar volume with iron content confirm modification in glass network based on ionic size of modifier. Scanning electron microscope images show formation of glass crystallites in thermally treated glass sample.

• # Bulletin of Materials Science

Volume 45, 2022
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Continuous Article Publishing mode

• # Dr Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar for Science and Technology

Posted on October 12, 2020

Prof. Subi Jacob George — Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bengaluru
Chemical Sciences 2020