A V R Reddy
Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science
Volume 35 Issue 5 October 2012 pp 817-822
Hollow fibre microfiltration membranes were prepared by solution spinning process using polymer dope containing different amounts of polysulfone (PS), polyvinylpyrollidone (PVP) and 𝑁,𝑁-dimethylformamide (DMF). Spinning dope having PS: PVP: DMF (w/w) of 15: 5: 80, 15: 7: 78 and 17: 8: 75 were used for spinning to obtain hollow fibres having different dimensions (outer and inner diameters) and pore characteristics. Relatively high water permeability was observed for hollow fibre membrane spun from 15 wt. % solution than 17 wt. % PS solution having the same PVP/PS ratio of 0.47. Decrease of the PVP/PS ratio to 0.33 in the dope solution of 15 wt.%PS solution produced hollow fibre membrane with lower flux. By changing the spinning parameters, fibre with different dimensions were obtained without a significant change in microstructural morphology. The flux decline due to fouling for the permeation of PEO/BSA solution was maximum for the hollow fibre membrane obtained from 15 wt. % PS solution while a steady flux with slight fouling was observed for the hollow fibre membrane obtained from 17 wt. %PS solution, when the PVP/PS ratio was 0.47.
Volume 36 Issue 2 April 2013 pp 271-276
𝑝-Carboxyphenoxymethyl polysulfone (CPMPSF) was synthesized in two steps:
chloromethylation of polysulfone (PSF) by
reaction of chloromethylated PSF with 𝑝-hydroxybenzoic acid in presence of potassium carbonate in dimethylformamide.
The structures of the modified PSFs were confirmed by elemental analysis, IR, 1H–NMR and 13C–NMR techniques. The PSF and CPMPSF based ultrafiltration membranes were prepared according to phase–inversion process using water as nonsolvent at 4° and 15 °C, employing casting dope having different amounts of polymer (PSF or CPMPSF), polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) and solvent, dimethylformamide (DMF). The membranes were characterized for their pore size, pure water flux and flux and rejection for the permeation of different molecular weight poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) solutions and sodium chloride (NaCl) solution. The pore radius of the CPMPSF membrane which was prepared without PVP in the casting dope was about 222 Å, whereas, that of the membrane prepared in the presence of PVP (6wt%) in the casting dope was about 124 Å. For the PSF membranes, pore radii were 80 Å (without PVP) and 176 Å (with PVP 6 wt%). The CPMPSF-based membranes exhibited higher flux and rejections for PEG and NaCl solutions, as compared to the PSF membranes, due to the presence of hydrophilic carboxylic acid group. The CPMPSF membrane exhibited about 48% rejection of NaCl when tested for 5000 ppm feed solution at 400 psi.
Volume 43, 2020
Continuous Article Publishing mode
Prof. Subi Jacob George — Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bengaluru
Chemical Sciences 2020
Prof. Surajit Dhara — School of Physics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad
Physical Sciences 2020
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