• A Seal

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Mechanical characteristics of microwave sintered silicon carbide

      S Mandal A Seal S K Dalui A K Dey S Ghatak A K Mukhopadhyay

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      The present work deals with the sintering of SiC with a low melting additive by microwave technique. The mechanical characteristics of the products were compared with that of conventionally sintered products. The failure stress of the microwave sintered products, in biaxial flexure, was superior to that of the products made by conventional sintering route in ambient condition. In firing of products by conventionally sintered process, SiC grain gets oxidized producing SiO2 (∼ 32 wt%) and deteriorates the quality of the product substantially. Partially sintered silicon carbide by such a method is a useful material for a varieties of applications ranging from kiln furniture to membrane material.

    • Mechanical characterization of microwave sintered zinc oxide

      A K Mukhopadhyay M Ray Chaudhuri A Seal S K Dalui M Banerjee K K Phani

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      The mechanical characterization of microwave sintered zinc oxide disks is reported. The microwave sintering was done with a specially designed applicator placed in a domestic microwave oven operating at a frequency of 2.45 GHz to a maximum power output of 800 Watt. These samples with a wide variation of density and hence, of open pore volume percentage, were characterized in terms of its elastic modulus determination by ultrasonic time of flight measurement using a 15 MHz transducer. In addition, the load dependence of the microhardness was examined for the range of loads 0.1–20 N. Finally, the fracture toughness data (𝐾IC) was obtained using the indentation technique.

    • Mechanical properties of very thin cover slip glass disk

      A Seal A K Dalui M Banerjee A K Mukhopadhyay K K Phani

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      The biaxial flexural strength, Young’s modulus, Vicker’s microhardness and fracture toughness data for very thin, commercial, soda-lime-silica cover slip glass (diameter, D-18 mm, thickness, T-0 3 mm; T/D ≈ 0.02) are reported here. The ball on ring biaxial flexure tests were conducted at room temperature as a function of the support ring diameter (≈10–20 mm) and cross head speed (0.1–10 mm min–1). In addition, the Weibull modulus data were also determined. The Young’s modulus data was measured using a linear variable differential transformer (LVDT) from biaxial flexure tests and was checked out to be comparable to the data obtained independently from the ultrasonic time of flight measurement using a 15 MHz transducer. The microhardness data was obtained for the applied load range of 0.1–20 N. The fracture toughness (𝐾IC) data was obtained by the indentation technique at an applied load of 20 N.

    • Mechanical properties of glass polymer multilayer composite

      A Seal N R Bose S K Dalui A K Mukhopadhyay K K Phani H S Maiti

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      The preliminary experimental studies on the comparative behaviour of the deformation processes involved in the failure of a commercial, 0.3 mm thick, 18 mm diameter soda–lime–silica glass disks (𝐺) and multilayered glass disk–epoxy (GE) as well as glass disk–epoxy–𝐸-glass fabric (GEF) composite structures are reported. The failure tests were conducted in a biaxial flexure at room temperature. The epoxy was a commercial resin and the 𝐸-glass fabric was also commercially obtained as a two-dimensional weave of 𝐸-glass fibres to an area density of about 242 g m–2. The multilayered structures were developed by alternate placement of the glass and reinforcing layers by a hand lay-up technique followed by lamination at an appropriate temperature and pressure. Depending on the number of layers the volume fraction of reinforcement could be varied from about 0.20 for the GE system to about 0.50 for the GEF system. It was observed that the specific failure load (load per unit thickness) was enhanced from a value of about 60 N/mm obtained for the glass to a maximum value of about 100 N/mm for the GE composites and to a maximum of about 70 N/mm for the GEF composite system. Similarly, the displacements at failure (𝛿) measured with a linear variable differential transformer (LVDT) were also found to be a strongly sensitive function of the type of reinforcement (GE or GEF) as well as the number of layers.

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