• A Kumar

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Bright red electroluminescence in diffused porous siliconp-n junction

      V K Jain Amita Gupta A Kumar G K Singhal O P Arora T Srinivasan D S Ahuja P P Puri Vikram Kumar

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      We report the first operation of light emittingp-n junction diode in porous silicon fabricated by diffusion.

    • Electrochemical synthesis and characterization of chloride doped polyaniline

      A M Pharhad Hussain A Kumar

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      Chloride doped polyaniline conducting polymer films have been prepared in a protic acid medium (HCl) by potentiodynamic method in an electrochemical cell and studied by cyclic voltammetry and FTIR techniques. The FTIR spectra confirmed Cl ion doping in the polymers. The polymerization rate was found to increase with increasing concentration of aniline monomer. But the films obtained at high monomer concentration were rough having a nonuniform flaky polyaniline distribution. Results showed that the polymerization rate did not increase beyond a critical HCl concentration. Cyclic voltammetry suggested that, the oxidation-reduction current increased with an increase in scan rate and that the undoped polyaniline films were not hygroscopic whereas chloride doped polyaniline films were found to be highly hygroscopic.

    • Study of electrical properties of glassy Se100–𝑥Te𝑥 alloys

      N Mehta A Dwivedi R Arora S Kumar A Kumar

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      Temperature and frequency dependence of a.c. conductivity have been studied in glassy Se100–𝑥Te𝑥 (𝑥 = 10, 20 and 30) over different range of temperatures and frequencies. An agreement between experimental and theoretical results suggests that the a.c. conductivity behaviour of selenium–tellurium system (Se100–𝑥Te𝑥) can be successfully explained by correlated barrier hopping (CBH) model. The density of defect states has been determined using this model for all the glassy alloys.

      The results show that bipolaron hopping dominates over single-polaron hopping in this glassy system. This is explained in terms of lower values of the maximum barrier height for single-polaron hopping. The values of density of charged defect states increase with increase in Te concentration. This is in agreement with our previous results obtained from SCLC measurements.

    • Ionic transport in P(VdF–HFP)–PEO based novel microporous polymer electrolytes

      M Deka A Kumar

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      A novel microporous polymer electrolyte (MPE) comprising blends of poly(vinylidene fluoride-cohexafluoropropylene) [P(VdF–HFP)] and polyethylene oxide (PEO) was prepared by phase inversion technique. It was observed that addition of PEO improved the pore configuration, such as pore size, pore connectivity and porosity of P(VdF–HFP) based membranes. The room temperature ionic conductivity was significantly enhanced. The highest porosity of about 65% and ionic conductivity of about 7 × 10-4 S cm-1 was obtained when the weight ratio of PEO was 40%. The liquid electrolyte uptake was found to increase with increase in porosity and pore size. However, at higher weight ratio of PEO (> 40%) porosity, pore size and ionic conductivity was decreased. This descending trend with further increase of PEO weight ratio was attributed to conglomeration effect of PEO at the pores.

    • Electrical and optical studies in polyaniline nanofibre–SnO2 nanocomposites

      Smritimala Sarmah A Kumar

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      Polyaniline nanofibre–tin oxide (PAni-SnO2) nanocomposites are synthesized and mixed with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) as stabilizer to cast free-standing films. Composite films are characterized by X-ray diffraction studies (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), photoluminescence spectroscopy (PL) and UV-visible spectroscopy. XRD confirms the formation of PAni nanofibre–SnO2 nanocomposite. From TEM images, diameter of the polyaniline nanofibre and SnO2 nanoparticles in the PAni-SnO2 nanocomposite are found to be 20–60 nm. SEM results show fibrous morphology of the PAni nanofibre and spherical morphology of polyaniline-SnO2 composites. The nanocomposites exhibit high relative photoluminescence intensity in violet as well as green–yellow region of visible spectrum. From electrical conductivity measurement, it is confirmed that PAni nanofibre–SnO2 nanocomposite follows Mott’s one-dimensional variable range hopping (VRH) model.

    • Space-charge-limited conduction in Se90Sb4Ag6 glassy alloy: observation of Meyer–Neldel rule

      Anjani Kumar A Kumar

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      The present paper reports the measurements of space-charge-limited conduction (SCLC) in glassy Se90Sb4Ag6 alloy. For this purpose, 𝐼–𝑉 characteristics have been taken at certain fixed temperatures. The results indicate that super-ohmic behaviour is observed at high electric fields. The results fit well with the theory of SCLC for the uniform distribution of traps. From the temperature dependence of conductivity, activation energy is obtained at different electric fields, which is found to be field dependent. Pre-exponential factor is found to depend on the activation energy and obeys Meyer–Neldel rule.

  • Bulletin of Materials Science | News

    • Dr Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar for Science and Technology

      Posted on October 12, 2020

      Prof. Subi Jacob George — Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bengaluru
      Chemical Sciences 2020

      Prof. Surajit Dhara — School of Physics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad
      Physical Sciences 2020

    • Editorial Note on Continuous Article Publication

      Posted on July 25, 2019

      Click here for Editorial Note on CAP Mode

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