Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science
Volume 31 Issue 4 August 2008 pp 673-680 Polymers
Antireflection coatings (ARCs) are deposited on the surfaces of optical elements like spectacle lenses to increase light transmission and improve their performance. In the ophthalmic industry, plastic lenses are rapidly displacing glass lenses due to several advantageous features. However, the deposition of ARCs on plastic lenses is a challenging task, because the plastic surface needs treatment for adhesion improvement and surface hardening before depositing the ARC. This surface treatment is usually done in a multi-stage process—exposure to energetic radiations, followed by deposition of a carbonyl hard coating by spin or dip coating processes, UV curing, etc. However, this treatment can also be done by plasma processes. Moreover, the plasma polymerization process allows deposition of optical films at room temperature, essential for plastics. The energetic ions in plasma processes provide similar effects as in ion assisted physical deposition processes to produce hard coatings, without requiring sophisticated ion sources. The plasma polymerization process is more economical than ion-assisted physical vapour deposition processes as regards equipment and source materials and is more cost-effective, enabling the surface treatment and deposition of the ARC in the same deposition system in a single run by varying the system parameters at each step. Since published results of the plasma polymerization processes developed abroad are rather sketchy and the techniques are mostly veiled in commercial secrecy, innovative and indigenous plasma-based techniques have been developed in this work for depositing the complete ARCs on plastic substrates.
Volume 38 Issue 2 April 2015 pp 335-342
The present work describes processing and properties of Cu–TiO2 electrodeposited coating on copper substrate with optimized current density and ultrafine ceramic TiO2 powder in the plating bath. Direct current electrodeposition process was employed to develop the composite coating with Cu matrix and ceramic oxide (TiO2) nanoparticles as reinforcement on copper substrate. The coatings were developed with 0 (unreinforced), 10 and 30gl−1 TiO2 powder in bath, at four different current densities (5, 8, 11 and 14 A dm−2) to study the effect of current density and particle concentration in bath on the structure and properties of the developed coatings. Phase, microstructure and compositional analysis of the coatings were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), respectively. Hardness and wear resistance of the coatings were analysed by using microhardness tester and ball on plate wear tester and improvement in these properties was observed due to particle reinforcement and crystallographic texture.
Volume 45, 2022
Continuous Article Publishing mode
Prof. Subi Jacob George — Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bengaluru
Chemical Sciences 2020
Prof. Surajit Dhara — School of Physics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad
Physical Sciences 2020
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