• Volume 1, Issue 3

      September 1934,   pages  123-132

    • Investigations on the rôle of organic matter in plant nutrition - Part III. Influence of the Decomposition of Organic Matter on Soil Structure

      A Sreenivasan V Subrahmanyan

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      1. As the result of decomposition of green manure in a swamp soil, the coarse fractions (including coarse and fine sand) of the surface layer (first 3 inches) decreased by 11·2 per cent. while the fine ones (silt+clay) increased by 9·8 per cent. in the course of 43 days. The effect was less pronounced in the manured soil maintained at 60 per cent. saturation, while no alteration was to be noticed in the case of the unmanured specimens.

      2. Treatment with dilute hydrochloric acid prior to dispersion had no appreciable effect on the estimates of mechanical composition obtained in the different cases. Loss in solution was also comparatively small.

      3. The silica-sesquioxide ratio increased slightly as the result of decomposition of green manure in swamp soil. The composition of the fine fractions was also altered, the total percentages of the oxides of iron, aluminium and silicon increasing from 90·5 to 99·3 in the course of 71 days.

      4. The practical significance of the above and related observations has been discussed.

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