Volume 26, Issue 6
December 2001, pages 495-620
pp 495-515 December 2001
A new aerodynamic modelling approach is proposed for the longitudinal static characteristics of a simple delta wing. It captures the static variation of normal force and pitching moment characteristics throughout the angle of attack range. The pressure model is based on parametrizing the surface pressure distribution on a simple delta wing. The model is then extended to a wing/body combination where body-alone data are also available. The model is shown to be simple and consistent with experimental data. The pressure model can be used as a first approximation for the load estimation on the delta wing at high angles of attack.
pp 517-528 December 2001
A numerical model to simulate moisture flow through unsaturated zones is developed using the finite element method, and is validated by comparing the model results with those available in the literature. The sensitivities of different processes such as gravity drainage and infiltration to the variations in the unsaturated soil properties are studied by varying the unsaturated parameters α andn over a wide range. The model is also applied to predict moisture contents during a field internal drainage test.
pp 529-547 December 2001
Disturbances caused by impulsive concentrated mechanical and thermal sources in a homogeneous, isotropic generalized thermo-microstretch elastic medium are studied by the use of Laplace—Hankel transform techniques. The integral transforms are inverted using a numerical technique. Analytical expressions for displacement components, stress, couple stress, microstress and temperature field are derived for different models of generalized thermoelasticity and illustrated graphically. These results for stresses and displacements can be used in estimating the effects of a surface pressure wave. Stretch and micropolar effects on various expressions obtained analytically are also depicted graphically.
pp 549-590 December 2001
The finite element method entails several approximations. Hence it is essential to subject all new finite elements to an adequate set of pathological tests in order to assess their performance. Many such tests have been proposed by researchers from time to time. We present an adequate set of tests, which every new finite element should pass. A thorough account of the patch test is also included in view of its significance in the validation of new elements.
pp 591-602 December 2001
This paper describes the design of an in-vacuum, water-cooled beam stop (X-ray shutter) for the materials science (X-ray diffraction) beamline proposed to be built on the wavelength shifter in the Indus-2 (2.5 GeV) synchrotron radiation source. The radiation source impinges ∼ 1 kW power on the beam stop and the heat transfer capabilities of the beam stop have been evaluated. Temperature distribution in the beam stop has been obtained under various cooling conditions using the finite element analysis calculations with ANSYS software. Design parameters of the beam stop have been optimised. It is also shown that radiation cooling alone is not sufficient for taking away the heat load. Water-cooling of the beam stop is essential.
pp 603-611 December 2001
A second-order autocorrelator for single-shot measurement of ultrashort laser pulse durations has been set up. It is based on recording the spatial profile of non-collinear phase-matched second harmonic generation in a KDP crystal using a CCD camera-framegrabber combination. Performance of the system is described from measurement of 250 femtosecond transform-limited laser pulses from a passively mode-locked, diode pumped Nd:glass laser. It can also be used for measurement of picosecond laser pulses in the multi-shot scanning mode.
pp 613-617 December 2001
pp 618-620 December 2001