• Issue front cover thumbnail

      Volume 80, Issue 4

      April 2013,   pages  559-738

    • Symmetries and casimir of an extended classical long wave system

      K M Tamizhmani R Ilangovane B Dubrovin

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      In this paper, we derive Lie point, generalized, master and time-dependent symmetries of a dispersionless equation, which is an extension of a classical long wave system. This equation also admits an infinite-dimensional Lie algebraic structure of Virasoro-type, as in the dispersive integrable systems. We discuss the construction of a sequence of negative ranking symmetries through the property of uniformity in rank. More interestingly, we obtain the conserved quantities directly from the casimir of Poisson pencil.

    • Energy in the Kantowski–Sachs space-time using teleparallel geometry

      Anuradha Das Purkayastha

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      The purpose of this paper is to examine the energy content of the inflationary Universe described by Kantowski–Sachs space-time in quasilocal approach of teleparallel gravity and in the Hamiltonian structure of the teleparallel equivalent of general relativity. The teleparallel versions of field equations are also derived in such a space-time.

    • Adaptive control and synchronization of a fractional-order chaotic system

      Chunlai Li Yaonan Tong

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      In this paper, the chaotic dynamics of a three-dimensional fractional-order chaotic system is investigated. The lowest order for exhibiting chaos in the fractional-order system is obtained. Adaptive schemes are proposed for control and synchronization of the fractional-order chaotic system based on the stability theory of fractional-order dynamic systems. The presented schemes, which contain only a single-state variable, are simple and flexible. Numerical simulations are used to demonstrate the feasibility of the presented methods.

    • Synchronizability on complex networks via pinning control

      Yi Liang Xingyuan Wang

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      It is proved that the maximum eigenvalue sequence of the principal submatrices of coupling matrix is decreasing. The method of calculating the number of pinning nodes is given based on this theory. The findings reveal the relationship between the decreasing speed of maximum eigenvalue sequence of the principal submatrices for coupling matrix and the synchronizability on complex networks via pinning control. We discuss the synchronizability on some networks, such as scale-free networks and small-world networks. Numerical simulations show that different pinning strategies have different pinning synchronizability on the same complex network, and the synchronizability with pinning control is consistent with one without pinning control in various complex networks.

    • Energy-dispersive X-ray diffraction beamline at Indus-2 synchrotron source

      K K Pandey H K Poswal A K Mishra Abhilash Dwivedi R Vasanthi Nandini Garg Surinder M Sharma

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      An energy-dispersive X-ray diffraction beamline has been designed, developed and commissioned at BL-11 bending magnet port of the Indian synchrotron source, Indus-2. The performance of this beamline has been benchmarked by measuring diffraction patterns from various elemental metals and standard inorganic powdered samples. A few recent high-pressure investigations are presented to demonstrate the capabilities of the beamline.

    • Fission dynamics of the compound nucleus 213Fr formed in heavy-ion-induced reactions

      Hadi Eslamizadeh

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      A stochastic approach based on one-dimensional Langevin equations was used to calculate the average pre-fission multiplicities of neutrons, light charged particles and the fission probabilities for the compound nucleus 213Fr and the results are compared with the experimental data. In these calculations, a modified wall and window dissipation with a reduction coefficient, $k_{s}$ , has been used in the Langevin equations. It was shown that the results of the calculations are in good agreement with the experimental data by using values of $k_{s}$ in the range $0.3 \leq k_{s} \leq 0.5.$

    • Ring and jet study on the azimuthal substructure of pions at CERN SPS energy

      Prabir Kumar Haldar Sanjib Kumar Manna Prosenjit Saha Dipak Ghosh

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      We have presented an investigation on the ring- and jet-like azimuthal angle sub-structures in the emission of secondary charged hadrons coming from 32S–Ag/Br interactions at 200 A GeV/c. Nuclear photographic emulsion technique has been employed to collect the experimental data. The presence of such substructures, their average behaviour, their size, and their position of occurrence have been examined. The experimental results have also been compared with the results simulated by Monte-Carlo method. The analysis strongly indicates the presence of ring- and jet-like structures in the experimental distributions of particles beyond statistical noise. The experimental results are in good agreement with I M Dremin idea, that the phenomenon is similar to the emission of Cherenkov electromagnetic radiation.

    • Collision and recombination driven instabilities in variable charged dusty plasmas

      S Bal M Bose

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      The dust-acoustic instability driven by recombination of electrons and ions on the surface of charged and variably-charged dust grains as well as by collisions in dusty plasmas with significant pressure of background neutrals have been theoretically investigated. The recombination driven instability is shown to be dominant in the long wavelength regime even in the presence of dust-neutral and ion-neutral collisions, while in the shorter wavelength regime, the dust-neutral collision is found to play a major role. In an earlier research work, the dust-neutral collision was neglected in comparison to the effect due to the recombination for estimating the dust-acoustic instability; later the other report shows that the recombination effect is negligible in the presence of dust-neutral collisions. In line of this present situation our investigation revealed that the recombination is more important than dust-neutral collisions in laboratory plasma and fusion plasma, while the dust-neutral collision frequency is dominant in the interstellar plasmas. The effects of ion and dust densities and ion streaming on the recombination and collision driven mode in parameter regimes relevant for many experimental studies on dusty plasmas have also been calculated.

    • Effect of superthermal electrons on dust-acoustic Gardner solitons in nonplanar geometry

      Deb Kumar Ghosh Yday Narayan Ghosh Prasanta Chatterjee C S Wong

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      The properties of nonplanar (cylindrical and spherical) dust-acoustic solitary waves (DASWs) in an unmagnetized, collisionless three-component dusty plasma, whose constituents are negatively charged cold dust fluid, superthermal/non-Maxwellian electrons (represented by kappa distribution) and Boltzmann distributed ions, are investigated by deriving the modified Gardner (MG) equation. The well-known reductive perturbation method is employed to derive the MG equation. The basic features of nonplanar DA Gardner solitons (GSs) are discussed. It is seen that the properties of nonplanar DAGSs (positive and negative) significantly differ as the value of spectral index 𝜅 changes.

    • Absolute parametric instability in a nonuniform plane plasma waveguide

      Khaled Hamed El-Shorbagy Atef Ahmed El-Bendary Shatha Jameel Monaquel

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      The paper reports an analysis of the effect of spatial plasma nonuniformity on absolute parametric instability (API) of electrostatic waves in magnetized plane waveguides subjected to an intense high-frequency (HF) electric field using the separation method. In this case the effect of strong static magnetic field is considered. The problem of strong magnetic field is solved in 1D nonuniform plane plasma waveguide. The equation describing the spatial part of the electric potential is obtained. Also, the growth rates and conditions of the parametric instability for periodic and aperiodic cases are obtained. It is found that the spatial nonuniformity of the plasma exerts a stabilizing effect on the API. It is shown that the growth rates of periodic and aperiodic API in nonuniform plasma are less compared to that of uniform plasma.

    • Arc plasma devices: Evolving mechanical design from numerical simulation

      S Ghorui A K Das

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      Wide ranges of technological applications involve arc plasma devices as the primary plasma source for processing work. Recent findings exhibit the existence of appreciable thermal non-equilibrium in these so-called thermal plasma devices. Commercially available magnetohydrodynamic codes are not capable of handling such systems due to unavailability of non-equilibrium thermodynamic and transport property data and self-consistent models. A recipe for obtaining mechanical design of arc plasma devices from numerical simulation incorporating two-temperature thermal non-equilibrium model is presented in this article with reference to the plasma of the mixture of molecular gases like nitrogen and oxygen. Such systems are technologically important as they correspond to the plasma devices operating with air, oxygen plasma torches in cutting industries and plasma devices using nitrogen as shielding gas. Temperature field, associated fluid dynamics and electrical characteristics of a plasma torch are computed in a systematic manner to evaluate the performance of a conceived design using a two-fluid CFD model coupled with a two-temperature thermodynamic and transport property code. Important effects of different nozzle designs and plasma gases obtained from the formalism are discussed. Non-equilibrium thermo-dynamic properties are computed using modified two-temperature Saha equations and transport properties are computed using standard Chapman–Enskog approach.

    • Induced moment due to perpendicular field cycling in trained exchange bias system

      Amithesh Paul S Mattauch

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      Depth-sensitive polarized neutron scattering in specular and off-specular mode has recently revealed that perpendicular field cycling brings about a modification in the interfacial magnetization of a trained exchange coupled interface. We show here by various model fits to our neutron reflectivity data that a restoration of the untrained state is not possible in the case of our polycrystalline multilayer specimen. This is due to the magnetic moment at the interface induced only after perpendicular field cycling, changing the initial field-cooled state.

    • Synthesis and characterization of aqueous MPA-capped CdS–ZnS core–shell quantum dots

      Atefeh Emamdoust Saber Farjami Shayesteh Maziyar Marandi

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      The novel CdS–ZnS core–shell nanoparticles are synthesized using simple one-step aqueous chemical approach. 3-mercaptopropionic acid (MPA) was used as the capping molecule. The structural and optical properties of the prepared samples are characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), UV–vis absorption spectroscopy, photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) and transition electron microscopy (TEM). The studies show that pH contributed noticeably to the growth and optical properties of nanoparticles. The TEM results indicate that the prepared particles have core–shell structure.

    • String cosmology in Bianchi type-VI0 dusty Universe with electromagnetic field

      Hassan Amirhashchi

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      In this paper, the effect of electromagnetic field in the string Bianchi type-VI0 Universe is investigated. Einstein’s field equations have been solved exactly with suitable physical assumptions for two types of strings: (i) massive strings and (ii) Nambu strings. It is found that when the Universe is dominated by massive strings, the existence of electromagnetic field is necessary as it accelerates the expansion of the Universe. But when our Universe is dominated by Nambu strings, the electromagnetic field does not have significant effect on the evolution of the Universe. We have also shown that the early massive string-dominated Universe got converted to Nambu string-dominated Universe later. Our models are derived from an early deceleration phase to an accelerating phase which is consistent with the recent observations of supernovae type-Ia. The physical and geometrical behaviour of these models are also discussed.

  • Pramana – Journal of Physics | News

    • Editorial Note on Continuous Article Publication

      Posted on July 25, 2019

      Click here for Editorial Note on CAP Mode

© 2017-2019 Indian Academy of Sciences, Bengaluru.