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      Volume 80, Issue 1

      January 2013,   pages  1-185

    • General editorial on publication ethics

      R Ramaswamy N Mukunda Rohini Godbole

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    • Quantum effects at low-energy atom–molecule interface

      B Deb A Rakshit J Hazra D Chakraborty

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      The effects of quantum interference in inter-conversion between cold atoms and diatomic molecules are analysed in this study. Within the framework of Fano’s theory, continuum bound anisotropic dressed state formalism of atom–molecule quantum dynamics is presented. This formalism is applicable in photo- and magneto-associative strong-coupling regimes. The significance of Fano effect in ultracold atom–molecule transitions is discussed. Quantum effects at low-energy atom–molecule interface are important for exploring coherent phenomena in hitherto unexplored parameter regimes.

    • SUSY formalism for the symmetric double well potential

      Pinaki Patra Abhijit Dutta Jyoti Prasad Saha

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      Using first- and second-order supersymmetric Darboüx formalism and starting with symmetric double well potential barrier we have obtained a class of exactly solvable potentials subject to moving boundary condition. The eigenstates are also obtained by the same technique.

    • Exact solutions of Feinberg–Horodecki equation for time-dependent anharmonic oscillator

      P K Bera Tapas Sil

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      In this work, an alternative treatment known as Nikiforov–Uvarov (NU) method is proposed to find the exact solutions of the Feinberg–Horodecki equation for the time-dependent potentials. The present procedure is illustrated with two examples: (1) time-dependent Wei Hua oscillator, (2) time-dependent Manning–Rosen potential.

    • Bifurcation analysis and the travelling wave solutions of the Klein–Gordon–Zakharov equations

      Zaiyun Zhang Fnag-Li Xia Xin-Ping Li

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      In this paper, we investigate the bifurcations and dynamic behaviour of travelling wave solutions of the Klein–Gordon–Zakharov equations given in Shang et al, Comput. Math. Appl. 56, 1441 (2008). Under different parameter conditions, we obtain some exact explicit parametric representations of travelling wave solutions by using the bifurcation method (Feng et al, Appl. Math. Comput. 189, 271 (2007); Li et al, Appl. Math. Comput. 175, 61 (2006)).

    • Unpolarized coupled DGLAP evolution equation at small-𝑥

      Saurav Bhattacharjee Ranjit Baishya Jayanata Kumar Sarma

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      In this paper, we have obtained the solution of the unpolarized coupled Dokshitzer–Gribove–Lipatov–Alterelli–Parisi (DGLAP) evolution equation in leading order at the small-𝑥 limit. Here, we have used a Taylor series expansion, separation of functions and then the method of characteristics to solve the evolution equations. We have also calculated 𝑡-evolution of singlet and gluon distribution functions and the results are compared with E665 and NNPDF data for singlet structure function and GRV1998 and MRST2004 gluon parametrizations. It is shown that our results are in good agreement with the parametrizations especially at small-x and high-$Q^{2}$ region. From global parametrizations and our results, we have seen that the singlet and gluon distribution functions increase when $Q^{2}$ increases for fixed values of 𝑥.

    • Candidate of the member of three-phonon multiplet observed in the $\beta^{+}$ +EC decay of 76Br

      Shuifa Shen Yongbo Chen

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      The decay scheme of 76Br is established by the 76Br($T1/2 = 16.2$ h) $\bate^{+}$/EC study. The 1791.31 keV level, which was identified initially by Müller $\mathit{et al}$ with 76Se($p, p'$) reaction more than three decades ago, is reconfirmed. However, the spin and parity have not been assigned by Müller $\mathit{et al}$. Now we consider it reasonable to assign the 1791.31 keV level as a new candidate of the three-phonon multiplet in 76Se. In addition, in order to study the deformation of 76Se which lies in transitional region between strongly deformed and spherical nuclei, we calculate the total Routhian surfaces (TRS) of positive-parity states by cranking shell model formalism.

    • Role of energy cost in the yield of cold ternary fission of 252Cf

      P V Kunhikrishnan K P Santhosh

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      The energy costs in the cold ternary fission of 252Cf for various light charged particle emission are calculated by includingWong's correction for Coulomb potential. Energy cost is found to be higher in cold fission than in normal fission. It is found that energy cost always increases with decrease in experimental yield in all the light charged particle emissions. The higher ground state deformation of the fragments, the odd–even effect and the enhanced yield in the octupole region observed in cold fission are found to be consistent with the concept of energy cost.

    • Thermal-hydraulic analysis of LBE spallation target for accelerator-driven systems

      Aniseh Ahmed Atef Abdalla Jiyang Yu Yongwel Yang

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      In an accelerator-driven subcritical system (ADS), a high-performance spallation neutron source is used to feed the subcritical reactor. Neutron generation depends on the proton beam intensity. If the beam intensity is increased by a given factor, the number of generated neutrons will increase. The mechanism yielding a high rate of neutron production per energy is the spallation process, and this mechanism produces very high-energy deposition in the spallation target material. Producing a high rate of neutrons is accompanied by creation of problems of decay heat cooling and radiological protection. As a first step in designing a full-scale industrial ADS, a small-scale experimental ADS, which is similar to the European experimental ADS (XADS) is analysed. The analysis presented in this paper is based on lead–bismuth eutectic (LBE) cooled XADS-type experimental reactors, designed during the European experimental (PDS-XADS) project. Computational fluid dynamics analysis has been carried out for the spallation target. Steady-state behaviour and shear stress transport turbulence model with the automatic wall treatment were applied in the present analysis.

    • Neutronic simulation of a research reactor core of (232Th, ${}^{235}$U)O2 fuel using MCNPX2.6 code

      Seyed Amir Hossein Feghhi Marzieh Rezazadeh Yachine Kadi Claudio Tenreiro Morteza Aref Zohreh Gholamzadeh

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      The small reactor design for the remote and less developed areas of the user countries should have simple features in view of the lack of infra-structure and resources. Many researchers consider long core life with no on-site refuelling activity as a primary feature for the small reactor design. Long core life can be achieved by enhancing internal conversion rate of fertile to fissile materials. For that purpose, thorium cycle can be adopted because a high fissile production rate of 233U converted from 232Th can be expected in the thermal energy region. A simple nuclear reactor core arranged 19 assemblies in hexagonal structure, using thorium-based fuel and heavy water as coolant and moderator was simulated using MCNPX2.6 code, aiming an optimized critical assembly. Optimized reflector thickness and gap between assemblies were determined to achieve minimum neutron leakage and void reactivity. The result was a more compact core, where assemblies were designed having 19-fuel pins in 1.25 pitch-to-diameter ratio. Optimum reflector thickness of 15 cm resulted in minimal neutron leakage in view of economic limitations. A 0.5 cm gap between assembles achieved more safety and $2.2$% enrichment requirements. The present feasibility study suggests a thermal core of acceptable neutronic parameters to achieve a simple and safe core.

    • Antenna coupling study for ICWC plasma characterization in TEXTOR

      Manash Kumar Paul A Lyssoivan R Koch G Van Wassenhove M Vervier G Bertschinger R Laengner B Unterberg G Sergienko V Philipps T Wauters the TEXTOR Team

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      Ion cyclotron wall conditioning (ICWC) discharges, in pulsed-mode operation, were carried out in the limiter tokamak TEXTOR to explore safe operational regimes for the experimental parameters for possible ICWC-discharge cleaning in International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) at half field. Antenna coupling properties obtained during the ion cyclotron range of frequencies (ICRF) wall conditioning experiments performed in helium–hydrogen mixture in TEXTOR were analysed in relation to the obtained ICWC-plasma characterization results. Satisfactory antenna coupling in the mode conversion scenario along with reproducible generation of ICRF plasmas for wall conditioning, were achieved by coupling radio frequency (RF) power from one or two ICRF antennas. The plasma breakdown results obtained in the TEXTOR tokamak have been compared with the predictions of a zero-dimensional RF plasma production model. The present study of ICWC emphasizes the beneficial effect of application of an additional (along with toroidal magnetic field) stationary vertical ($B_{V} \ll B_{T}$) or oscillating poloidal magnetic field ($B_{P} \ll B_{T}$) on antenna coupling and relevant plasma parameters.

    • Influence of argon plasma treatment on polyethersulphone surface

      N L Singh S M Pelagade R S Rane S Mukherjee U P Deshpande V Ganeshan T Shripathi

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      Polyethersulphone (PES) was modified to improve the hydrophilicity of its surface, which in turn helps in improving its adhesive property. The modified PES surface was characterized by contact angle measurement, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and Vicker’s microhardness measurement. The contact angles of the modified PES reduces from $49^{\circ}$ to $10^{\circ}$ for water. The surface free energy (SFE) calculated from measured contact angles increases from 66.3 to 79.5 mJ/m2 with the increase in plasma treatment time. The increase in SFE after plasma treatment is attributed to the functionalization of the polymer surface with hydrophilic groups. The XPS analysis shows that the ratio of O/C increases from 0.177 to 0.277 for modified PES polymer. AFM shows that the average surface roughness increases from 6.9 nm to 23.7 nm due to the increase in plasma treatment time. The microhardness of the film also increases with plasma treatment.

    • A model for the occurrence and analysis of ionic thermocurrent spectrum involving different orders of kinetics

      Jai Prakash

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      Ionic thermocurrent (ITC) spectrum is much similar to a thermoluminescence (TL) glow curve involving monomolecular kinetics. It has already been reported that different orders of kinetics are involved in TL processes, which depend specifically on the extent of recombination and simultaneous retrapping. It is found that the involvement of different orders of kinetics in ITC spectrum depends on the experimental conditions of polarization and rate of rapid cooling. Consequently, order of kinetics involved in the ITC spectrum does not represent any specific feature of the system under investigation. An equation is developed which explains the occurrence of ITC spectrum involving any order of kinetics. Dielectric relaxation parameters, order of kinetics and approximate number of dipoles per unit volume are evaluated conveniently and easily following the proposed model.

    • A comparative study of the spectra recorded at RRCAT synchrotron BL-8 dispersive EXAFS beamline with other beamlines

      Abhijeet Gaur B D Shrivastava S N Jha D Bhattacharyya A Poswal

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      The aim of the present work is to make a comparative study of the EXAFS spectra recorded at the BL-8 dispersive EXAFS beamline at 2 GeV Indus-2 synchrotron source at RRCAT, Indore (India) with those recorded at other synchrotron EXAFS beamlines, viz., X-19A at NSLS, BNL (USA), EXAFS wiggler beamline 4-1 at the SSRL (USA) and beamline 11.1 at ELETTRA (Italy). For this purpose, EXAFS spectra at Cu K-edge in copper metal have been recorded at these four beamlines. Further, EXAFS spectra at Cu K-edge in a copper complex have also been recorded at BL-8 beamline and beamline 11.1 at ELETTRA (Italy). The obtained experimental $\mu(E)$ data have been background-subtracted and then normalized. The normalized data have been then converted to $\chi(k)$ data, which have been Fourier-transformed and then fitted with the theoretical model, thereby yielding different structural parameters. It has been shown that the results obtained from the EXAFS spectra recorded at the BL-8 beamline are comparable with those obtained from other synchrotron EXAFS beamlines and also with the crystallographic results reported by earlier workers. The reliability, usefulness and data quality of the BL-8 beamline have been discussed.

    • Community detection using global and local structural information

      Hai-Long Yan Ju Xiang Xiao-Yu Zhang Jun-Feng Fan Fang Chane Gen-Yi Fu Er-Min Guo Xin-Guang Hu Ke Hu Ru-Min Wang

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      Community detection is of considerable importance for understanding both the structure and function of complex networks. In this paper, we introduced the general procedure of the community detection algorithms using global and local structural information, where the edge betweenness and the local similarity measures respectively based on local random walk dynamics and local cyclic structures were used. The algorithms were tested on artificial and real-world networks. The results clearly show that all the algorithms have excellent performance in the tests and the local similarity measure based on local random walk dynamics is superior to that based on local cyclic structures.

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