pp 707-720 May 2007 Research Articles
Bianchi Type-II inﬂationary models with constant deceleration parameter in general relativity
Einstein's ﬁeld equations are considered for a locally rotationally symmetric Bianchi Type-II space–time in the presence of a massless scalar ﬁeld with a scalar potential. Exact solutions of scale factors and other physical parameters are obtained by using a special law of variation for Hubble's parameter that yields a constant value of deceleration parameter. To get inﬂationary solutions, a ﬂat region is considered in which the scalar potential is constant. Power-law and exponential cases are studied and in both solutions there is an anisotropic expansion of the cosmic ﬂuid, but the ﬂuid has vanishing vorticity. A detailed study of geometrical and kinematical properties of solutions has been carried out.
pp 721-734 May 2007 Research Articles
Bianchi Type-V universe with a viscous ﬂuid and 𝛬-term
We have studied the evolution of a homogeneous, anisotropic universe given by a Bianchi Type-V cosmological model ﬁlled with viscous ﬂuid, in the presence of cosmological constant 𝛬. The role of viscous ﬂuid and 𝛬-term in the Bianchi Type-V universe has been studied.
pp 735-748 May 2007 Research Articles
On the relative energy associated with space-times of diagonal metrics
Murat Korunur Mustafa Salti Ali havare
In order to evaluate the energy distribution (due to matter and ﬁelds including gravitation) associated with a space-time model of generalized diagonal metric, we consider the Einstein, Bergmann–Thomson and Landau–Lifshitz energy and/or momentum deﬁnitions both in Einstein's theory of general relativity and the teleparallel gravity (the tetrad theory of gravitation). We ﬁnd same energy distribution using Einstein and Bergmann–Thomson formulations, but we also ﬁnd that the energy–momentum prescription of Landau–Lifshitz disagree in general with these deﬁnitions. We also give eight different well-known space-time models as examples, and considering these models and using our results, we calculate the energy distributions associated with them. Furthermore, we show that for the Bianchi Type-I models all the formulations give the same result. This result agrees with the previous works of Cooperstock–Israelit, Rosen, Johri et al, Banerjee–Sen, Xulu, Vargas and Saltı et al and supports the viewpoints of Albrow and Tryon.
pp 749-756 May 2007 Research Articles
Synchronization and basin bifurcations in mutually coupled oscillators
U E Vincent A N Njah O Akinlade
Synchronization behaviour of two mutually coupled double-well Duffig oscillators exhibiting cross-well chaos is examined. Synchronization of the subsystems was observed for coupling strength $k > 0.4$. It is found that when the oscillators are operated in the regime for which two attractors coexist in phase space, basin bifurcation sequences occur leading to $n + 1$, $n \geq 2$ basins as the coupling is varied – a signature of Wada structure and ﬁnal-state sensitivity. However, in the region of complete synchronization, the basins structure is identical with that of the single oscillators and retains its essential features including fractal basin boundaries.
pp 757-768 May 2007 Research Articles
The interfacial surface tension of a quark-gluon plasma ﬁreball in a hadronic medium
R Ramanathan K K Gupta Agam K Jha S S Singh
We calculate the interfacial surface tension of a QGP-ﬁreball in a hadronic medium in the Ramanathan et al statistical model. The constancy of the ratio of the surface tension with the cube of the critical transition temperature is in overall accordance with lattice QCD ﬁndings. It is in complete agreement with a recent MIT bag model calculation of surface tension. The velocity of sound in the QGP droplet is predicted to be in the range $(0.27 \pm 0.02)$ times the velocity of light in vacuum and this value is independent of both the value of the transition temperature and the model parameters.
pp 769-778 May 2007 Research Articles
Microscopic interacting boson model calculations for even–even ^{128−138}Ce nuclei
In this study, we determined the most appropriate Hamiltonian that is needed for the present calculations of energy levels and $B(E2)$ values of ^{128−138}Ce nuclei which have a mass around $A \cong 130$ using the interacting boson model (IBM). Using the best-ﬁtted values of parameters in the Hamiltonian of the IBM-2, we have calculated energy levels and $B(E2)$ values for a number of transitions in ^{128,130,132,134,136,138}Ce. The results were compared with the previous experimental and theoretical (PTSM model) data and it was observed that they are in good agreement. Also some predictions of this model have better accuracy than those of PTSM model. It has turned out that the interacting boson approximation (IBA) is fairly reliable for calculating spectra in the entire set of ^{128,130,132,134,136,138}Ce isotopes and the quality of the ﬁts presented in this paper is acceptable.
pp 779-787 May 2007 Research Articles
One-neutron stripping reactions of ^{11}Be and ^{19}C on light target
Rajesh Kharab Ravinder Kumar Pradeep Singh H C Sharma
We have calculated the one-neutron absorption cross-section and the longitudinal momentum distribution of the core fragment coming out from the breakup of ^{11}Be and ^{19}C on ^{9}Be target at 63 MeV/A and 88 MeV/A beam energies respectively. The reaction mechanism is treated within the framework of the eikonal approximation. The effective range of the nuclear interaction between the core and the valence neutron within the projectile has been determined by comparing the predicted stripping crosssection with the recently measured one. The eﬀective range for ^{19}C has been found to besmaller than that for ^{11}Be. It qualitatively indicates that ^{19}C is slightly more halo than ^{11}Be. The smaller width, predicted as well as measured, of the LMD of ^{18}C than ^{10}Be also strengthens this fact. The experimental data concerning the LMD of core fragments have been well represented.
pp 789-801 May 2007 Research Articles
Dipak Ghosh Argha Deb Sitaram Pal Swarnapratim Bhattacharyya
A self-affne analysis of charged-particle multiplicity distribution (protons + pions) in $\pi^{−}$ –AgBr interaction at 350 GeV/c is performed according to the two-dimensional factorial moment methodology using the concept of Hurst exponent in $X_{\cos \theta^{-}} $X_{\phi}$ phase space. Comparing with the results obtained from self-similar analysis, the self affine analysis shows a better power-law behaviour. Corresponding results are compared with shower multiplicity distribution (pions). Multifractal behaviour is observed for both types of distributions.
pp 803-817 May 2007 Research Articles
Stress and mixed boundary conditions for two-dimensional dodecagonal quasi-crystal plates
Yan Gao Si-Peng Xu Bao-Sheng Zhao
For plate bending and stretching problems in two-dimensional (2D) dodecagonal quasi-crystal (QC) media, the reciprocal theorem and the general solution for QCs are applied in a novel way to obtain the appropriate stress and mixed boundary conditions accurate to all order. The method developed by Gregory and Wan is used to generate necessary conditions which the prescribed data on the edge of the plate must satisfy in order that it should generate a decaying state within the plate; these decaying state conditions are obtained explicitly for axisymmetric bending and stretching of a circular plate when stress or mixed conditions are imposed on the plate edge. They are then used for the correct formulation of boundary conditions for the interior solution. For the stress data, our boundary conditions coincide with those obtained in conventional forms of plate theories. More importantly, appropriate boundary conditions with a set of mixed edge-data are obtained for the ﬁrst time. Furthermore, the corresponding necessary conditions for transversely isotropic elastic plate are obtained directly, and their isotropic elastic counterparts are also obtained.
pp 819-830 May 2007 Research Articles
We use different determinantal Hartree–Fock (HF) wave functions to calculate true variational upper bounds for the ground state energy of 𝑁 spin-half fermions in volume $V_{0}$, with mass 𝑚, electric charge zero, and magnetic moment 𝜇, interacting through magnetic dipole–dipole interaction. We ﬁnd that at high densities when the average interparticle distance $r_{0}$ becomes small compared to the magnetic length $r_{m} \equiv 2m\mu^{2}/\hbar^{2}$, a ferromagnetic state with spheroidal occupation function $n_{\uparrow} (\vec{k})$, involving quadrupolar deformation, gives a lower upper bound compared to the variational energy for the uniform paramagnetic state or for the state with dipolar deformation. This system is unstable towards inﬁnite density collapse, but we show explicitly that a suitable short-range repulsive (hard core) interaction of strength $U_{0}$ and range a can stop this collapse. The existence of a stable equilibrium high density ferromagnetic state with spheroidal occupation function is possible as long as the ratio of coupling constants $\Gamma_{cm} \equiv (U_{0}a^{3}/\mu^{2})$ is not very smallcompared to 1.
pp 831-842 May 2007 Research Articles
Computation of surface roughness using optical correlation
The laser speckle photography is used to calculate the average surface roughness from the autocorrelation function of the aluminum diffuse objects. The computed results of surface roughness obtained from the proﬁle shapes of the autocorrelation function of the diffuser show good agreement with the results obtained by the stylus proﬁle meter.
pp 843-850 May 2007 Research Articles
On a low intensity ^{241}Am Compton spectrometer for measurement of electron momentum density
In this paper, a new design and construction of a low intensity (100 mCi) ^{241}Am 𝛾-ray Compton spectrometer is presented. The planar spectrometer is based on a small disc source with the shortest geometry. Measurement of the momentum density of polycrystalline Al is used to evaluate the performance of the new design. The measured proﬁle is in good agreement with the existing theoretical data and our density functional calculations.
pp 851-861 May 2007 Research Articles
Prabhakar Undre S N Helambe S B Jagadale P W Khirade S C Mehrotra
Dielectric relaxation measurements of formamide (FMD)–$N,N$- dimethylaminoethanol (DMAE) solvent mixtures have been carried out over the entire concentration range using time domain reﬂectometry technique at 25, 35 and 45° C in thefrequency range of 10 MHz to 20 GHz. The mixtures exhibit a principle dispersion of the Davidson–Cole relaxation type at microwave frequencies. Bilinear calibration method is used to obtain complex permittivity $\epsilon^{∗}(\omega)$ from complex reﬂection coefficient $\rho^{∗} (\omega)$ over the frequency range of 10 MHz to 10 GHz. The excess permittivity ($\epsilon^{E}$), excessinverse relaxation time $(1/\tau)^{E}$, Kirkwood correlation factor ($g^{eff}$), activation energy and Bruggeman factor ($f_{B}$) are also calculated to study the solute–solvent interaction.
pp 863-868 May 2007 Brief Reports
Bifurcation methods of dynamical systems for handling nonlinear wave equations
By using the bifurcation theory and methods of dynamical systems to construct the exact travelling wave solutions for nonlinear wave equations, some new soliton solutions, kink (anti-kink) solutions and periodic solutions with double period are obtained.
pp 869-874 May 2007 Brief Reports
Measurement of atomic number and mass attenuation coefficient in magnesium ferrite
R H Kadam S T Alone G K Bichile K M Jadhav
Pure magnesium ferrite sample was prepared by standard ceramic technique and characterized by X-ray diffraction method. XRD pattern revealed that the sample possess single-phase cubic spinel structure. The linear attenuation coefficient (𝜇), mass attenuation coefficient ($\mu/\rho$), total atomic cross-section ($\sigma_{\text{tot}}$), total electronic cross-section ($\sigma_{\text{ele}}$) and the effective atomic number ($Z_{\text{eff}}$) were calculated for pure magnesium ferrite (MgFe_{2}O_{4}). The values of 𝛾-ray mass attenuation coeﬃcient were obtained using a NaI energy selective scintillation counter with radioactive 𝛾-ray sources having energy 0.36, 0.511, 0.662, 1.17 and 1.28 MeV. The experimentally obtained values of $\mu/\rho$ and $Z_{\text{eff}}$ agreed fairly well with those obtained theoretically.
pp 875-880 May 2007 Brief Reports
Tanveer Hasan P K Singh R Misra P Raj Neeraj Misra
A complete normal coordinate analysis was performed for five-coordinate non-rigid triarylantimony diester SbPh_{3}(O_{2}CR_{2}), known to be a bioactive molecule, using Wilson G-D matrix method and Urey Bradley force field. The study of vibrational dynamics was performed using the concept of group frequencies and band intensities.
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