Volume 67, Issue 4
October 2006, pages 559-747
pp 559-560 October 2006
pp 561-577 October 2006
We present a concise overview of where we stand in particle physics today.
pp 579-596 October 2006 Working Group 1: Collider Physics
The talk described the prospects of studying standard model parameters as well as scenarios beyond the standard model, like the minimal supersymmetric standard model, theories with extra dimensions and theories with extra neutral gauge bosons, at a future linear e+e− collider.
pp 597-605 October 2006 Working Group 1: Collider Physics
There is a strong and growing interplay between particle physics and cosmology. In this talk, I discuss some aspects of this interplay concerning dark matter candidates put forth by theories beyond the standard model. In explaining the requirements for collider tests of such dark matter candidates, I focus in particular on the case of the lightest neutralino in the MSSM.
pp 607-615 October 2006 Working Group 1: Collider Physics
We present a review of extra-dimensional models that have implications for physics at the TeV scale. An exposition of the models is followed by a discussion of the collider phenomenology.
pp 617-637 October 2006 Working Group 1: Collider Physics
Sunanda Banerjee Rohini M Godbole Sreerup Raychaudhuri Ben Allanach Sunanda Banerjee Satyaki Bhattacharyya Debajyoti Choudhury Siba Prasad Das Anindya Datta Rohini M Godbole Monoranjan Guchait Sabine Kraml Gobinda Majumdar David Miller Margarete Mühlleitner Nobuchika Okada Maxim Perelstein Santosh K Rai Sreerup Raychaudhuri Saurabh D Rindani DP Roy K Sridhar Rishikesh Vaidya D Zeppenfeld
This is summary of the activities of the working group on collider physics in the IXth Workshop on High Energy Physics Phenomenology (WHEPP-9) held at the Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar, India in January 2006. Some of the work subsequently done on these problems by the subgroups formed during the workshop is included in this report.
pp 639-653 October 2006 Working Group 2: Neutrino And Astroparticle Physics
Recent results from solar, reactor, atmospheric and long baseline (K2K) experiments are discussed. With the improved data statistics and analyses, our knowledge on the neutrino masses and mixing angles are steadily improving. T2K is the next generation neutrino oscillation experiment between J-PARC in Tokai and Super-Kamiokande. This experiment will start in 2009. This experiment is expected to improve the current knowledge on the neutrino masses and mixings substantially.
pp 655-663 October 2006 Working Group 2: Neutrino And Astroparticle Physics
In this talk I review the physics possible at India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO). I discuss the improvement in the precision of currently known quantities and the possibility measuring the presently unknown quantities.
pp 665-680 October 2006 Working Group 2: Neutrino And Astroparticle Physics
Establishing CP-violation in the lepton sector is one of the most challenging future tasks in neutrino physics. The lepton mixing matrix contains one Dirac phase and, if neutrinos are Majorana particles, two additional CP-violating phases. I will review the main theoretical aspects of CP-violation in the lepton sector. Then, I will present the strategies for determining the Dirac and the Majorana CP-violating phases in long-baseline and neutrinoless double beta decay experiments, respectively. Leptonic CP-violation has received recently a lot of attention as it might be at the origin of the baryon asymmetry of the Universe. Within the context of the see-saw mechanism, I will discuss the possible connection between the CP-violating phases measurable at low energy with the ones entering in leptogenesis.
pp 681-689 October 2006 Working Group 2: Neutrino And Astroparticle Physics
I briefly review the present and future status of the burgeoning field of neutrino astronomy. I outline the astrophysics and particle physics goals, design, and performance of the various current and proposed neutrino telescopes. Also described are present results and future expectations.
pp 691-698 October 2006 Working Group 2: Neutrino And Astroparticle Physics
What is new in the field of neutrino detection? In addition to new projects probing both the low and high ends of the neutrino energy scale, an inexpensive, effective technique is being developed to allow tagging of antineutrinos in water Cherenkov (WC) detectors via the addition to water of a solute with a large neutron cross-section and energetic γ daughters. Gadolinium is an excellent candidate since in recent years it has become very inexpensive, now less than $8 per kilogram in the form of commercially available gadolinium trichloride. This non-toxic, non-reactive substance is highly soluble in water. Neutron capture on gadolinium yields an 8.0 MeV gamma cascade easily seen in detectors like Super-Kamiokande. The uses of GdCl3 as a possible upgrade for the Super-Kamiokande detector — with a view toward improving its performance as an antineutrino detector for supernova neutrinos and reactor neutrinos — are discussed, as are the ongoing R&D efforts which aim to make this dream a reality within the next two years.
pp 699-710 October 2006 Working Group 2: Neutrino And Astroparticle Physics
Measurements of CMB anisotropy and, more recently, polarization have played a very important role in allowing precise determination of various parameters of the ‘standard’ cosmological model. The expectation of the paradigm of inflation and the generic prediction of the simplest realization of inflationary scenario in the early Universe have also been established — ‘acausally’ correlated initial perturbations in a flat, statistically isotropic Universe, adiabatic nature of primordial density perturbations. Direct evidence for gravitational instability mechanism for structure formation from primordial perturbations has been established. In the next decade, future experiments promise to strengthen these deductions and uncover the remaining crucial signature of inflation — the primordial gravitational wave background.
pp 711-721 October 2006 Working Group 2: Neutrino And Astroparticle Physics
The EGRET excess in the diffuse galactic gamma ray data above 1 GeV shows all features expected from dark matter WIMP annihilation: (a) It is present and has the same spectrum in all sky directions, not just in the galactic plane. (b) The intensity of the excess shows the 1/r2 profile expected for a flat rotation curve outside the galactic disc with an additionally interesting substructure in the disc in the form of a doughnut-shaped ring at 14 kpc from the centre of the galaxy. At this radius a ring of stars indicates the probable infall of a dwarf galaxy, which can explain the increase in DM density. From the spectral shape of the excess the WIMP mass is estimated to be between 50 and 100 GeV, while from the intensity the halo profile is reconstructed. Given the mass and intensity of the WIMPs the mass of the ring can be calculated, which is shown to explain the peculiar change of slope in the rotation curve at about 11 kpc. These results are model-independent in the sense that only the known shapes of signal and background were fitted with free normalization factors, thus being independent of model-dependent flux calculations. The statistical significance is more than 10σ in comparison with a fit of the conventional galactic model to the EGRET data. These signals of dark matter annihilation are compatible with supersymmetry including all electroweak constraints. The statistical significance combined with all features mentioned above provide an intriguing hint that the EGRET excess is indeed a signal from dark matter annihilation.
pp 723-733 October 2006 Working Group 2: Neutrino And Astroparticle Physics
Through leptogenesis, baryogenesis could have the same origin as neutrino masses. We review the various ways of implementing the leptogenesis mechanism. Emphasis is put on the conditions which, in order that this mechanism works, need to be fulfilled by the neutrino masses as well as by the heavy state masses.
pp 735-742 October 2006 Working Group 2: Neutrino And Astroparticle Physics
Raj Gandhi Subhendra Mohanty Tarun Souradeep S Agarwalla K Bhattacharya B Brahmachari R Crittenden S Goswami P Ghoshal M Lindner H S Mani S Mitra S Pascoli S Panda R Rangarajan S Ray T Roy Choudhury R Saha S Sarkar A Srivastava R Sheth S Uma Sankar U Yajnik
The working group on astroparticle and neutrino physics at WHEPP-9 covered a wide range of topics. The main topics were neutrino physics at INO, neutrino astronomy and recent constraints on dark energy coming from cosmological observations of large scale structure and CMB anisotropy.
pp 743-747 October 2006
Volume 93 | Issue 5
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