Volume 59, Issue 4
October 2002, pages 563-699
pp 563-573 October 2002 Review Article
Hiss emissions during quiet and disturbed periods
The characteristic features of VLF hiss emissions during quiet and disturbed conditions observed at ground stations and on-board satellites are summarized. The increased intensity of the hiss emissions during magnetic storm period is explained by considering the enhanced flux of energetic electrons during magnetic storm period. The generation and propagation mechanism of VLF hiss are also briefly discussed.
pp 575-583 October 2002 Research Articles
One-dimensional multiple-well oscillators: A time-dependent quantum mechanical approach
Neetu Gupta Amlan K Roy B M Deb
Time-dependent Schrödinger equation (TDSE) is solved numerically to calculate the ground- and first three excited-state energies, expectation values 〈x^{2j}〉, j=1, 2 …, 6, and probability densities of quantum mechanical multiple-well oscillators. An imaginary-time evolution technique, coupled with the minimization of energy expectation value to reach a global minimum, subject to orthogonality constraint (for excited states) has been employed. Pseudodegeneracy in symmetric, deep multiple-well potentials, probability densities and the effect of an asymmetry parameter on pseudodegeneracy are discussed.
pp 585-598 October 2002 Research Articles
Microscopic study of low-lying yrast spectra in ^{100–108}Mo isotopes
Neeru Sawhney Arun Bharti S K Khosa
Variation-after-projection (VAP) calculations in conjunction with Hartree-Bogoliubov (HB) ansatz have been carried out for A=100−108 molybdenum (Mo) isotopes. In this framework, the yrast spectra with J_{max}^{π}≥10^{+}, B(E2) transition probabilities, quadrupole (β_{2}) and hexadecapole (β_{4}) deformation parameters, moment of inertia (I) and square of cranking frequency (ω^{2}) for even-even Mo isotopes have been obtained. The results of the calculation give an indication that it is important to include the hexadecapole-hexadecapole component of the two-body interaction for obtaining various nuclear structure quantities in these Mo isotopes.
pp 599-609 October 2002 Research Articles
Exotic decay: Transition from cluster mode to fission mode
Exotic decay of some heavy nuclei with Z≥100 formed in heavy ion ‘cold fusion’ reaction were studied taking interacting barrier consisting of Coulomb and proximity potential. Calculated half-life time shows that some modes of decay are well within the present upper limit for measurements (T_{1/2}<10^{30} s). Cluster formation probabilities are calculated for different clusters within fission model. It is found that transition from cluster mode to fission mode take place at mass of the cluster, A_{2}=20 in exotic decay which is comparable with the value A_{2}=16 of Shanmugam et al based on cubic plus Yukawa plus exponential model (CYEM).
pp 611-619 October 2002 Research Articles
Design and performance of a 2-D multi-wire position sensitive X-ray detector
S S Desai J N Joshi A M Shaikh
A 2-D multi-wire position sensitive detector for X-ray diffraction and small angle X-ray scattering studies is described. The detector has an active area of 100 mm × 100 mm and consists of an anode plane with 10 µm SS wires at 3 mm spacing and a pair of orthogonal cathode readout planes with 25 µm SS wires placed at 1.5 mm spacing. The position information is obtained using charge division method and recorded using a laboratory built data acquisition system. The resolution and gas gain was measured for 5.9 keV X-rays (^{55}Fe-source) as a function of the anode wire voltage and gas pressure. It was observed that the proportional region of the PSD at 100 kPa pressure extended up to a high voltage value of around 1.5 kV and it shifted to high values up to 2 kV for gas pressure of 300 kPa. The energy resolution improved from 18% (FWHM) to 12% with increase in pressure. The spatial resolution of the PSD also showed improvement, with a value of 1.2 mm × 1.4 mm at 300 kPa gas pressure. A maximum gain of 5 × 10^{4} is obtained.
pp 621-629 October 2002 Research Articles
The geometry of Larmor nutation
K N Srinivasa Rao A V Gopala Rao A R Usha Devi
The nutation accompanying the well-known Larmor precession discussed with respect to an inertial frame in an earlier paper is now considered in the rotating Larmor frame where the precession is absent and the nutation is therefore fully emphasized. It is shown that, in this frame, the nutating vector generates, in general, what may be called interpenetrating partial cones, the two parts of which merge into a single cone traced twice over, when the orbit of the charged particle changes to a circle — giving an immediate explanation of the discontinuous jump in the nutation frequency to twice its value as the orbit changes continuously from an ellipse to a circle.
pp 631-651 October 2002 Research Articles
A modal method for finite amplitude, nonlinear sloshing
A modal method is used to calculate the two-dimensional sloshing motion of an inviscid liquid in a rectangular container. The full nonlinear problem is reduced to the solution of a system of nonlinear ordinary differential equations for the time varying coefficients in the expansions of the interface and the potential. The effects of capillarity are included in the formulation. The simplicity, generality and power of the method are exhibited not only by recovering the earlier results obtained, for example, by Penney and Price [1], Tadjbakhsh and Keller [2] and Faltinsen et al [3], but also by obtaining new and interesting results of the effects of capillarity and shallow depth, which would be difficult to obtain otherwise. For example, it is found that for the initial interface profile considered here, parasitic capillary waves, borne by the higher number wave modes, are generated for moderate capillarity but disappear for larger values of the parameter. The method can be extended to other simple geometries.
pp 653-661 October 2002 Research Articles
Dielectric relaxation and ac conductivity of sodium tungsten phosphate glasses
Studies of dielectric relaxation and ac conductivity have been made on three samples of sodium tungsten phosphate glasses over a temperature range of 77–420 K. Complex relative permitivity data have been analyzed using dielectric modulus approach. Conductivity relaxation frequency increases with the increase of temperature. Activation energy for conductivity relaxation has also been evaluated. Measured ac conductivity (σ_{m}(ω)) has been found to be higher than σ_{dc} at low temperatures whereas at high temperature σ_{m}(ω) becomes equal to σ_{dc} at all frequencies. The ac conductivity obeys the relation σ_{ac}(ω)=Aω^{S} over a considerable range of low temperatures. Values of exponent S are nearly equal to unity at about 78 K and the values decrease non-linearly with the increase of temperature. Values of the number density of states at Fermi level (N(E_{F})) have been evaluated at 80 K assuming values of electron wave function decay constant α to be 0.5 (Å)^{−1}. Values of N(E_{F}) have the order 10^{20} which are well within the range suggested for localized states. Present values of N(E_{F}) are smaller than those for tungsten phosphate glasses.
pp 663-670 October 2002 Brief Reports
Excess molar volumes (V^{E}) and deviation in isentropic compressibilities (Δβ_{s}) have been investigated from the density ρ and speed of sound u measurements of six binary liquid mixtures containing n-alkanes over the entire range of composition at 298.15 K. Excess molar volume exhibits inversion in sign in one binary mixture, i.e., n-heptane + n-hexane. Remaining five binary mixtures, n-heptane + toluene, cyclohexane + n-heptane, cyclohexane + n-hexane, toluene + n-hexane and n-decane + n-hexane show negative excess molar volumes over the whole composition range. However, the large negative values of excess molar volume becomes domainant in toluene + n-hexane mixture. Deviation in isentropic compressibility is negative over the whole range of composition in the case of all the six binary mixtures. Existence of specific intermolecular interactions in the mixtures has been analyzed in terms of excess molar volume and deviation in isentropic compressibility.
pp 671-677 October 2002 Brief Reports
Relativisitic longitudinal non-Abelian oscillations in quark-antiquark plasma
We study the relativistic version of the non-Abelian, longitudinal wave in quark-antiquark plasma reported earlier by Bhat et al [Phys. Rev.D39, 649 (1989)]. We have also relaxed various approximations they made in their analysis. Both the quark and antiquark dynamics are taken in our analysis. The non-linearity arising from non-Abelian field as well as from plasma are included. Hence it is an exact longitudinal mode in relativistic quark-antiquark plasma, relevant to the study of quark gluon plasma. We find that earlier results are reproduced for non-relativistic and low amplitude oscillations, but are modified for relativistic or large amplitude waves. Further more, the above results are based on just four first-order equations for gauge invariant quantities derived from gauge covariant twelve first-order equations.
pp 679-684 October 2002 Brief Reports
Effect of parent and daughter deformation on half-life time in exotic decay
Taking Coulomb and proximity potential as interacting barrier for post-scission region we calculated half-life time for different modes of exotic decay treating parent and fragments as spheres and these values are compared with experimental data. We studied the effect of deformation of parent and daughter on half-life time treating emitted cluster as spherical. When deformations are included half-life time values are found to decrease, though slightly. It is found that parent deformation alone will not produce appreciable change in half-life time since it affects relatively small pre-scission part of the barrier.
pp 685-691 October 2002 Brief Reports
Y Ramakrishna K Ramachandra Rao G J Naga Raju K Bhaskara Rao V Seshagiri Rao P Venkateswarlu S Bhuloka Reddy
The energy shifts and intensity ratios of different L X-ray components in tantalum element due to 10 MeV carbon and 12 MeV nitrogen ions are estimated. From the observed energy shifts, the possible number of simultaneous vacancies in M shell are estimated. A comparison of L_{α}/L_{β2.15}, L_{β1}/L_{γ1} and L_{γ2.3}/L_{γ4.4} with the ratios due to Scofield theoretical transition rates indicate that the number of multiple vacancies in N shell are higher than the vacancies in M and O shell. Employing Larkin’s statistical scaling procedure, the number of possible multiple vacancies in N and O shells are estimated quantitatively.
pp 693-699 October 2002 Brief Reports
V P Pawar G S Raju S C Mehrotra
The dielectric relaxation parameters, viz., static dielectric constant, ɛ, and relaxation times, τ, have been determined for chlorobenzene-methanol (CB-MET), 1,2 dichloro ethanemethanol (DE-MET) and dimethylene chloride-methanol (DC-MET) mixtures with thirteen different concentrations at three temperatures, viz., 15, 25 and 45°C. The experimental technique used for this work was the time domain reflectometry (TDR) in the frequency range of 10 MHz to 20 GHz using the Hewlett Packard HP 54750 sampling oscilloscope. The information regarding hydrogen bonding structural behavior in MET due to CB, DE and DC are obtained by using the theoretical models based on the excess properties. The data suggest that CB and DE are not influenced by hydrogen bonding in MET whereas DC is influenced by the hydrogen bonding mechanism in MET. It appears that the behavior of DC on MET is different from CB and DE in MET.
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