• Volume 58, Issue 4

      April 2002,   pages  575-711

    • QCD corrections to decay-lepton polar and azimuthal angular distributions in e+et$$\overline t $$ in the soft-gluon approximationin the soft-gluon approximation

      Saurabh D Rindani

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      QCD corrections to order αs in the soft-gluon approximation to angular distributions of decay charged leptons in the process e+et$$\overline t $$, followed by semileptonic decay of t$$\overline t $$, are obtained in the esu− e centre-of-mass frame. As compared to distributions in the top rest frame, these have the advantage that they would allow direct comparison with experiment without the need to reconstruct the top rest frame. The results also do not depend on the choice of a spin quantization axis for t or t. Analytic expression for the triple distribution in the polar angle of t and polar and azimuthal angles of the lepton is obtained. Analytic expression is also derived for the distribution in the charged-lepton polar angle. Numerical values are discussed for √s=400, 800 and 1500 GeV.

    • Higher dimensional supersymmetric quantum mechanics and Dirac equation

      L P Singh B Ram

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      We exhibit the supersymmetric quantum mechanical structure of the full 3+1 dimensional Dirac equation considering ‘mass’ as a function of coordinates. Its usefulness in solving potential problems is discussed with specific examples. We also discuss the ‘physical’ significance of the supersymmetric states in this formalism.

    • A solution of the DGLAP equation for gluon at low x

      DK Choudhury PK Sahariah

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      We obtain a solution of the DGLAP equation for the gluon at low x first by expanding the gluon in a Taylor series and then using the method of characteristics. We test its validity by comparing it with that of Glück, Reya and Vogt. The convergence criteria of the approximation used are also discussed. We also calculate εF2(x,Q)2/ε In Q2 using its approximate relations with the gluon distribution at low x. The predictions are then compared with the HERA data.

    • Exotic decay in cerium isotopes

      KP Santhosh Antony Joseph

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      Half life for the emission of exotic clusters like 8Be, 12C, 16O, 20Ne, 24Mg and 28Si are computed taking Coulomb and proximity potentials as interacting barrier and many of these are found well within the present upper limit of measurement. These results lie very close to those values reported by Shanmugam et al using their cubic plus Yukawa plus exponential model (CYEM). It is found that 12C and 16O emissions from 116Ce and 16O from 118Ce are most favorable for measurement (T1/2<1010 s). Lowest half life time for 16O emission from 116Ce stress the role of doubly magic 100Sn daughter in exotic decay. Geiger-Nuttall plots were studied for different clusters and are found to be linear. Inclusion of proximity potential will not produce much deviation to linear nature of Geiger-Nuttall plots. It is observed that neutron excess in the parent nuclei slow down the exotic decay process. These findings support the earlier observations of Gupta and collaborators using their preformed cluster model (PCM).

    • Design and fabrication of a time-of-flight spectrometer for studies of multiple ionization of gases by charged particle impact

      RK Singh RK Mohanta MJ Singh R Hippler SK Goel R Shanker

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      A time-of-flight spectrometer has been designed and fabricated for measuring the charge state distributions of target ions produced in collisions of keV-electrons with gaseous target atoms/molecules. The design details of the spectrometer and the description of experimental procedures for optimizing various parameters are presented and discussed. The working principle of the spectrometer, its time- and mass-focussing conditions, transmissions and detection efficiency etc. are given. A few typical test runs on multiple ionization of Ne and Ar gas atoms are illustrated. These spectra are found to yield the time resolution of about 10 ns for Ar4+ ion peak in 24.0 keV e — Ar collisions while the mass resolution of the spectrometer is obtained about 10% at mass m=20.

    • Photoionization of excited states of neon-like Mg III

      Narendra Singh Man Mohan

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      The close coupling R-matrix method is used to calculate cross-sections for photoionization of Mg III from its first three excited states. Configuration interaction wave functions are used to represent two target states of Mg III retained in the R-matrix expansion. The positions and effective quantum numbers for the Rydberg series converging to the excited state 2s22p62Se of the residual ion, are predicted.

    • (e, 3e) test on e-e correlations in helium

      MK Srivastava Kshamata Muktavat

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      The angular variations of the five-fold differential cross section obtained by using different wave functions of helium are compared with experimental data. It is found that in the coplanar geometry two kinematical arrangements, (i) equal energy sharing between the two ejected electrons with one of them ejected along the momentum transfer direction and the other along varying direction and (ii) the Bethe ridge condition with fixed sum of ejected electron energies and varying angle between them, are very sensitive to e-e correlations contained in the target wave function. This comparison has been used to show that open-shell class of wave functions better incorporate e-e correlations than the closed-shell class.

    • Effect of absorbed pump power on the quality of output beam from monolithic microchip lasers

      Pranab K Mukhopadhyay K Ranganathan Jogy George SK Sharma TPS Nathan

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      The dependence of the beam propagation factor (M2 parameter) with the absorbed pump power in the case of monolithic microchip laser under face-cooled configuration is extensively studied. Our investigations show that the M2 parameter is related to the absorbed pump power through two parameters (α and β) whose values depend on the laser material properties and laser configuration. We have shown that one parameter arises due to the oscillation of higher order modes in the microchip cavity and the other parameter accounts for the spherical aberration associated with the thermal lens induced by the pump beam. Such dependency of M2 parameter with the absorbed pump power is experimentally verified for a face-cooled monolithic microchip laser based on Nd3+ -doped GdVO4 crystal and the values of α and β parameters were estimated from the experimentally measured data points.

    • Cross-phase modulational instability in an elliptical birefringent fiber with higher order nonlinearity and dispersion

      R Ganapathy VC Kuriakose

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      We obtain conditions for the occurrence of cross-phase modulational instability in the normal dispersion regime for the coupled higher order nonlinear Schrödinger equation with higher order dispersion and nonlinear terms.

    • Rheology of semi-dilute solutions of calf-thymus DNA

      Ranjini Bandyopadhyay AK Sood

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      We study the rheology of semi-dilute solutions of the sodium salt of calf-thymus DNA in the linear and nonlinear regimes. The frequency response data can be fitted very well to the hybrid model with two dominant relaxation times τ0 and τ1. The ratio (τ01) ∼5 is seen to be fairly constant on changing the temperature from 20 to 30°C. The shear rate dependence of viscosity can be fitted to the Carreau model.

    • Ultrasonic study of molecular interaction in binary liquid mixtures at 30°C

      A Ali AK Nain

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      Densities ρ and ultrasonic speeds u of the binary mixtures of tetrahydrofuran (THF) with 1-butanol and tert-butanol, at 30°C, over the entire composition range were measured. From these data isentropic compressibility, Ks, intermolecular free length Lf, relative association RA, acoustic impedance Z, molar sound speed Rm, deviations in isentropic compressibility ΔKs, and excess volume VE were calculated. The variation of these parameters with composition of the mixture helps us in understanding the nature and extent of interaction between unlike molecules in the mixtures. Further, theoretical values of ultrasonic speed were evaluated using theories and empirical relations. The relative merits of these theories and relations were discussed.

    • Current correlation functions of ideal fermi gas at finite temperature

      R P Kaur K Tankeshwar K N Pathak

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      Expressions for transverse and longitudinal current-current correlation functions of an ideal Fermi gas describing the current fluctuations induced in the electron system by external probe perpendicular and parallel to the propagation of electron wave, have been obtained at finite temperature. The results obtained for transverse and longitudinal functions are presented for different values of wavelength and frequency at different temperatures. The diamagnetic susceptibility as a function of temperature has also been obtained from transverse current correlation function as its long wavelength and static limit, which smoothly cross over from known quantum values to the classical limit with increase in temperature.

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