Volume 54, Issue 6
June 2000, pages 791-898
pp 791-812 June 2000
We obtain analytic expressions for the energy and polar-angle double differential distributions of a secondary lepton l+ (l−) arising from the decay of t(t) in e+e− → tt with an anomalous tbW decay vertex. We also obtain analytic expressions for the various differential cross-sections with the lepton energy integrated over. In this case, we find that the angular distributions of the secondary lepton do not depend on the anomalous coupling in the decay, regardless of possible anomalous couplings occurring in the production amplitude for e+e− → tt. Our study includes the effect of longitudinal e− and e+ beam polarization. We also study the lepton energy and beam polarization dependence of certain CP-violating lepton angular asymmetries arising from an anomalous tbW decay vertex and compare them with the asymmetries arising due to CP-violation in the production process due to the top electric or weak dipole moment.
pp 813-826 June 2000
It is shown that the analysis of fusion barrier distributions is not always an unambiguous test or a ‘fingerprint’ of the structure information of the colliding nuclei. Examples are presented with same fusion barrier distributions for nuclei having different structures. The fusion excitation functions for 16O+208Pb, using the coupled reaction channel (CRC) method and correct structure information, have been analysed. The barrier distributions derived from these excitation functions including many of the significant channels are featureless, although these channels have considerable effects on the fusion excitation function. However, a simultaneous analysis of the fusion, elastic and quasi-elastic channels would fix the structure and the reaction unambiguously.
pp 827-844 June 2000
Polarization effects on population transfer by stimulated Raman transition using overlapping time dependent pump and Stokes laser pulses from the ground X1Σg/+(vg=0, Jg=1) level of H2 to the final X1Σg/+(vf=1, Jf=1) level via the intermediate B1Σu/+(vi=14, Ji=0,2), C1Πu/+(vi=3, Ji=2) and C1Πu/−(vi=3, Ji=1) levels have been theoretically investigated by applying the density matrix formalism. We have studied in detail the dependence of the population transfer on time delay between two pulses for the cases of on-resonance excitations considering linear parallel and same-sense circular polarizations of the fields. The pump and Stokes fields are taken as having Gaussian pulse shapes with peak intensities IP/0(IS/0)=2 × 106 and 1 × 107 W/cm2. Density matrix equations have been solved for each value of the magnetic quantum number Mg(0, ±1) of the initial ground level taking into account the Mg dependence of the Rabi frequencies. Mg — averaged population transfer to the final level has also been calculated. For resonance excitations to the B(14, 0) or C(3, 1) levels, appreciable population transfer is achieved for intuitive pulse order for some particular values of Mg and Mi (magnetic quantum number of the resonant intermediate level) depending on the nature of polarizations. The calculated values of Mg — averaged population transfer for the two cases of polarizations show that for on-resonance excitation to the B(14, 0) or the C(3, 1) level, linear parallel polarization of the laser fields yield more transfer efficiency whereas for resonance excitation to the B(14, 2) level, larger population transfer results from the same-sense circular polarizations. For resonance excitation to the C(3, 2) level, Mg — averaged population is found to be almost polarization independent. The calculations for the six-level H2 system reveal some interesting features of polarization effects on the population transfer efficiency.
pp 845-856 June 2000
The channelling of 3 MeV protons in the 〈110〉 direction of silicon has been simulated using Vineyard model taking into account thermally vibrating nuclei and energy loss due to ion-electron interactions. A beam made up of constant energy particles but with spatial divergence has been simulated for the purpose. The values of the minimum scattering yield and half width of the channelling dip are shown to be depth sensitive and agree well with the measured values. The dependence of yield on the angle of incidence has been found to give information of all three types of channelling. The critical angles for the three types of channelling and wavelength of planar oscillations are consistent with the previous calculations.
pp 857-862 June 2000
Hysteresis in cycling through first-order phase transitions in vortex matter, akin to the well-studied phenomenon of supercooling of water, has been discussed in literature. Hysteresis can be seen while varying either temperature T or magnetic field H (and thus the density of vortices). Our recent work on phase transitions with two control variables shows that the observable region of metastability of the supercooled phase would depend on the path followed in H-T space, and will be larger when T is lowered at constant H compared to the case when H is lowered at constant T. We discuss the effect of isothermal field variations on metastable supercooled states produced by field-cooling. This path dependence is not a priori applicable to metastability caused by reduced diffusivity or hindered kinetics.
pp 863-870 June 2000
We study the asymptotic behaviour of resistance scaling and fluctuation of resistance that give rise to flicker noise in an n-simplex lattice. We propose a simple method to calculate the resistance scaling and give a closed-form formula to calculate the exponent, βL, associated with resistance scaling, for any n. Using current cumulant method we calculate the exact noise exponent for n-simplex lattices.
pp 871-878 June 2000
We compare the anharmonic Lamb Mossbauer factor and the q-Lamb Mossbauer factor by studying the anharmonicity observed in the f-factor data of Nb3Sn. We also show that this anharmonicity does not arise due to the presence of potential.
pp 879-888 June 2000
The growth morphology of crystals of zinc tris(thiourea) sulphate (ZTS) is investigated experimentally, and computed using the Hartman-Perdok approach. Attachment energies of the observed habit faces are calculated for determining their relative morphological importance. A computer code is developed for carrying out these calculations. A special procedure is adopted for computing the cohesive energy of a slice of the structure parallel to any rational crystallographic plane. For estimating the cohesive energies, formal charges on the experimentally determined atomic positions in the molecules of ZTS are calculated by ab initio molecular-orbital computations, with wave functions obtained by the Hartree-Fock procedure. Fairly good agreement with the observed crystal morphology is obtained for a model of growth mechanism in which ZTS is assumed to exist in solution sa szinc tris(thiourea) ions and sulphate ions.
pp 889-893 June 2000
pp 895-898 June 2000
Volume 93 | Issue 6
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