• Volume 48, Issue 3

      March 1997,   pages  1-848

    • Helium atom in intense and superintense laser fields: A new theoretical approach

      Bijoy Kr Dey B M Deb

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      A quantum hydrodynamical study is made of the dynamical changes of a helium atom interacting with lasers of two different intensities, but having the same frequency. Under the intense laser field, electron density oozes out of the helium atom by absorbing laser photons and getting promoted to higher excited states including the continuum. Under the superintense field, electron density partly moves away from the helium nucleus but remains in the “quasi-bound” dressed states along with the laser field, thus suppressing ionization.

    • The Larmor nutation

      K N Srinivasa Rao A V Gopala Rao

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      The classical non-relativistic problem of the motion of a charged particle in an external central force field and a weak uniform magnetic field is revisited to show that the motion of the kinetic angular momentumL = r × p of the particle, in the so-called Larmor approximation, is not a simple precession but is actually a composite motion involving precession as well as a high frequency nutation. The precession-nutation motion ofL is discussed in the Larmor approximation when the Larmor-frame-orbit of the charged particle is an ellipse (or a circle) for the case of the two central forces namely the Coulomb and the Hooke-law-force, which are the only two central forces known to permit closed orbits.

    • Coherent and squeezed states on physical basis

      R R Puri

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      A definition of coherent states is proposed as the minimum uncertainty states with equal variance in two hermitian non-commuting generators of the Lie algebra of the hamiltonian. That approach classifies the coherent states into distinct classes. The coherent states of a harmonic oscillator, according to the proposed approach, are shown to fall in two classes. One is the familiar class of Glauber states whereas the other is a new class. The coherent states of spin constitute only one class. The squeezed states are similarly defined on the physical basis as the states that give better precision than the coherent states in a process of measurement of a force coupled to the given system. The condition of squeezing based on that criterion is derived for a system of spins.

    • Classical limit of scattering in quantum mechanics—A general approach

      D Sen A N Basu S Sengupta

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      The classical and quantum physics seem to divide nature into two domains macroscopic and microscopic. It is also certain that they accurately predict experimental results in their respective regions. However, the reduction theory, namely, the general derivation of classical results from the quantum mechanics is still a far cry. The outcome of some recent investigations suggests that there possibly does not exist any universal method for obtaining classical results from quantum mechanics. In the present work we intend to investigate the problem phenomenonwise and address specifically the phenomenon of scattering. We suggest a general approach to obtain the classical limit formula from the phase shiftδl, in the limiting value of a suitable parameter on whichδl depends. The classical result has been derived for three different potential fields in which the phase shifts are exactly known. Unlike the current wisdom that the classical limit can be reached only in the high energy regime it is found that the classical limit parameter in addition to other factors depends on the details of the potential fields. In the last section we have discussed the implications of the results obtained.

    • Creation or destruction of sourceless abelian gauge strings in a Robertson-Walker universe

      D Bhattacharyya S Banerji

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      Following Morris’s [5] consideration of a sourceless abelian gauge string in a Robertson-Walker universe with flat space sections we have generalized the treatment to the case of arbitrary spatial curvature. We find that creation or destruction of the gauge string is not possible if the spatial curvature is nonzero.

    • Higher dimensional Vaidya metric in Einstein and de Sitter background

      L K Patel Lakshmi S Desai

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      Spherically symmetric non-static higher dimensional metrics are considered in connection with Einstein’s field equations. Two exact solutions are derived. One of them corresponds to a mixture of perfect fluid and pure radiation field and represents higher dimensional Vaidya metric in the cosmological background of Einstein static universe. The other corresponds to a pure radiation field and represents higher dimensional Vaidya metric in the background de Sitter universe. For both of these solutions, the cosmological constant is taken to be non-zero. Many known solutions are derived as particular cases.

    • Algebraic expressions for effective potential characteristic parameters in heavy ion scattering

      I Jamir E F P Lyngdoh C S Shastry

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      In this paper, we obtain reliable expressions to calculate the barrier and pocket positions of the real part of the effective phenomenological optical potential having Woods-Saxon form factor, for different partial waves. The comparison of the results obtained from these formulae, when compared with the numerical results obtained using Newton-Raphson iterative procedure are found to be quite accurate, with error less than 1%. We also obtain algebraic expressions for estimatinglpoc, the angular momentum at which the potential pocket vanishes, the accuracy of which is tested with the exact calculations, using self-consistent iterative procedures. These and other expressions deduced in this paper provide simple and useful methods for calculating critical parameters of heavy ion effective potentials like barrier and pocket positions, curvatures at the barrier and pocket positions,lpoc and the grazing angular momentumlg to carry out the analysis of heavy ion scattering.

    • Non-leptonic weak charmed baryon decays in theSU(4) semidynamical scheme

      S M Sheikholeslami

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      We study here the Cabibbo enhanced charmed baryon decays in theSU(4) semidynamical model. The weak Hamiltonian 20″ + 15 + 45 + 45* can have the parity violating amplitude for charmed baryon decays. Decay width and α for some modes are also calculated.

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