• Volume 47, Issue 5

      November 1996,   pages  339-417

    • Dynamics of the logistic map under discrete parametric perturbation

      P P Saratchandran V M Nandakumaran G Ambika

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      By introducing a periodic perturbation in the control parameter of the logistic map we have investigated the period locking properties of the map. The map then gets locked onto the periodicity of the perturbation for a wide range of values of the parameter and hence can lead to a control of the chaotic regime. This parametrically perturbed map exhibits many other interesting features like the presence of bubble structures, repeated reappearance of periodic cycles beyond the chaotic regime, dependence of the escape parameter on the seed value and also on the initial phase of the perturbation etc.

    • Relativistic operator description of photon polarization

      Arvind N Mukunda

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      We present an operator approach to the description of photon polarization, based on Wigner’s concept of elementary relativistic systems. The theory of unitary representations of the Poincarè group, and of parity, is exploited to construct spinlike operators acting on the polarization states of a photon at each fixed energy momentum. The nontrivial topological features of these representations relevant for massless particles, and the departures from the treatment of massive finite spin representations are highlighted and addressed.

    • Poincaré sphere representation for three state systems

      Joseph Samuel

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      We point out that the Poincaré sphere can be used to represent the rays of a three state quantum system. Those interested in geometric phase phenomena may find this representation a useful aid to visualize the global structure of ray space.

    • Quantum motion over a finite one-dimensional domain: With and without dissipation

      Ashok Pimpale

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      Quantum motion of a single particle over a finite one-dimensional spatial domain is considered for the generalized four parameter infinity of boundary conditions (GBC) of Carreauet al [1]. The boundary conditions permit complex eigenfunctions with nonzero current for discrete states. Explicit expressions are obtained for the eigenvalues and eigenfunctions. It is shown that these states go over to plane waves in the limit of the spatial domain becoming very large. Dissipation is introduced through Schrödinger-Langevin (SL) equation. The space and time parts of the SL equation are separated and the time part is solved exactly. The space part is converted to nonlinear ordinary differential equation. This is solved perturbatively consistent with the GBC. Various special cases are considered for illustrative purposes.

    • Nonadiabatic gravitational collapse in multidimensional spacetime

      B Bhui

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      We extend to higher dimensions an earlier work of Santos regarding junction conditions for a spherical fluid distribution with heat flux and an electromagnetic field. It is observed that the pressure at the surface of distribution does not vanish when the heat flow is present.

    • A class of stationary rotating string cosmological models

      L K Patel Naresh Dadhich

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      We obtain a one parameter class of stationary rotating string cosmological models of which the well-known Gödel universe is a particular case. By suitably choosing the free parameter function, it is always possible to satisfy the energy conditions. The rotation of the model hinges on the cosmological constant which turns out to be negative. String-dust distribution in Gödel-type universes is also briefly discussed.

    • Approximate analytical lower bounds on ‘double asymptotic scaling’ variables and physics at HERA

      A Saikia

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      We analytically examine the asymptotic solution of gluon evolution equation in terms of the ‘double scaling variables’ρ andσ of perturbative QCD and find the approximate lower bounds on these, above which the solution is considered to be valid. Comparison of this asymptotic solution is made with the fit obtained from data and the estimated lower bound onρ is nearly equal to our analytical finding. To analyze the data below the lower bound onρ, other analytical solutions of gluon evolution equation are to be used which depend highly on the inputx-distributions of gluon to study the physics at low-x of HERA range.

    • Measurement and analysis of excitation functions for alpha induced reactions on iodine and cesium

      N P M Sathik M Afzal Ansari B P Singh R Prasad

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      The excitation functions for the reactions127I(α, 2n)129Cs,127I(α, 4n)127Cs,133Cs(α, 2n)135La and133Cs(α, 4n)133La have been measured up to ≈50 MeVα-particle energy using the stacked foil activation technique. Measured excitation functions are compared with pre-equilibrium geometry dependent hybrid model calculations. It has been found that theoretical calculations using an initial exciton numbern0=4 (2p+2n+0h) give good agreement with experimental excitation functions.

    • Radiative decays of heavy baryons with heavy quark symmetry

      A K Giri L Maharana R Mohanta

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      The decay widths for the radiative decays of heavy baryons are calculated in the heavy quark effective theory. Introducing the interpolating fields for heavy baryons we obtain the transition matrix elements and the corresponding decay widths. Considering theSU(6) flavor-spin wave functions for heavy baryons, the coupling constants are calculated in the nonrelativistic quark model. Since the masses of the heavy baryons are not available, we have taken the predicted bag model masses. We find our results are quite different from that of the heavy quark bag model calculations.

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