Volume 37, Issue 3
September 1991, pages 179-310
pp 179-233 September 1991 Review
The quantum theories of a scalar field interacting with external electromagnetic and gravitational fields respectively are compared. It is shown that several peculiar features, like the ambiguity of particle definition, thermal effects etc., which are thought to be special to quantum theory in curved spacetime, have analogues in the case of electromagnetism.
pp 235-252 September 1991 Research Articles
Stochastic dynamics in a two-level model of disorder: comparison of mean-field and exact solutions
Stochastic dynamics in the presence of quenched disorder (e.g., diffusion in a random medium) is generally treated in a suitable mean-field or effective medium approximation. While numerical simulations may help determine the accuracy of such approximations in specific models, there are relatively few instances in which analytic solutions are possible, to enable a precise comparison to be made with the mean-field results. We consider in this paper a simple but general model of quenched disorder in which a system variablex jumps stochastically between two valuesx_{a} andx_{b}. However, in each level there occurs with a certain probability a branch (or internal) state into which the system may fall, and from which a jump to the other level is possible only after a return to the original (or ‘active’) state. Four different configurations of the states of the system are thus possible, and the transitions between the states are governed by Markovian transition probabilities. The moments ofx and its autocorrelation function are computed in each case, and then configuration-averaged over the four realizations. This represents the exact solution. Next, a mean-field theory of the dynamics is developed: this turns out to involve an effective waiting-time density at each of the two levels that is non-exponential in time, so that the mean-field dynamics is a non-Markovian alternating renewal process. The moments and autocorrelation ofx are again computed, and compared with the exact solutions. The extent of the differences at both short and long times is elucidated, and a numerical comparison is presented for the case of maximal disorder.
pp 253-260 September 1991 Research Articles
Path integral analysis of harmonic oscillators with time-dependent mass
Two cases of forced harmonic oscillators with time dependent mass for which exact propagators can be evaluated are presented. From the exact propagators, normalized solutions of the corresponding Schrödinger equations are arrived at. Time-dependent invariants are also found.
pp 261-268 September 1991 Research Articles
Regge relation and geometrization of fundamental constant
We show that the Regge relation between angular momentum and mass is due to curved space time description of basic interactions. We try to understand the geometrization ofh ande in the light of the relation.
pp 269-279 September 1991 Research Articles
A plunger set-up for measuring picosecond nuclear half-lives
H C Jain S Chattopadhyay Y K Agarwal M L Jhingan S K Mitra H V Panchal A Roy
A plunger set-up has been designed and constructed to measure picosecond nuclear half-lives using recoil distance method (RDM). The system has been used to measure the half-lives of nuclear states in^{35}Cl,^{37,38}Ar and^{40}K. The shortest half-life measured with the system isT_{1/2}=0.36(14) ps for the 4366 keV (8^{+}) state and the longest half-life isT_{1/2}=1.10(7) ns for the 2543 keV (7^{+}) state in^{40}K.
pp 281-292 September 1991 Research Articles
Decoupling potentials for the three-body final state Schrödinger equation of knockout reactions
In the conventional distorted wave impulse approximation (DWIA) approach the three-body final state of a knockout reaction is decoupled by assuming a plane wave form for the coupling term. The influence of this decoupling approximation on the analyses of cluster knockout reactions has been investigated for a test case where the exact solution is obtainable. A proper treatment of the coupling term causes large oscillations in the effective distorting optical potentials for the decoupled Schrödinger equation. These decoupling potentials depend strongly not only on the partial wave angular momentum,l but also on their azimuthal projection,m.
pp 293-302 September 1991 Research Articles
Determination ofL-shell X-ray production cross-sections in holmium by 10–40 keV photons
K S Mann K S Kahlon H S Aulakh N Singh R Mittal K L Allawadhi B S Sood
In an effort to resolve the existing discrepancy between experiment and theory, the cross-sections for the production ofL_{l},L_{α},L_{β} andL_{γ} groups ofL-shell X-rays of Ho by photons of nine energies in the range 10–40 keV have been measured using an improved version of annular source double reflection geometrical set-up. Contrary to the earlier findings of Garget al that the measured values of the cross-sections are consistently higher than those calculated theoretically, the present results do not confirm this. The plausible deficiencies in the experiments of Garget al are pointed out and possible remedies to overcome them are suggested. It is concluded that the higher values obtained by Garget al are probably due to systematic errors in their method of measurement.
pp 303-310 September 1991 Research Articles
Stability of second harmonic minority heating in magnetic mirror systems
Chandu Venugopal P J Kurian G Renuka
A dispersion relation has been derived to study the stability of ion cyclotron (IC) propagation at the second harmonic of the minority component deuterium in a mirror confined plasma that has hydrogen as the majority species. We have worked in the frame of the majority ions; our dispersion relation can thus be used to study IC propagation in a single ion plasma also. Analysis of the dispersion relation yields two modes — one below and the other above the ion gyro-frequency Θ_{H} of hydrogen. The expression for the growth rate is used to explicitly show that an instability can arise in the plasma when the loss-cone indexj⩾3; this instability being a result of the coalescing of the two modes supported by the plasma. Unfortunately, the minority component deuterium does not decrease this instability and thus the proposed scheme of IC heating at the second harmonic of the minority component seems unsuited to mirror devices.
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