Volume 18, Issue 3
March 1982, pages 225-294
pp 225-231 March 1982 Molecular Physics
Dissociation energies for the electronic ground states of BeCl, GaH and LiH
N Rajamanickam U D Prahllad B Narasimhamurthy
The dissociation energies of the diatomic molecules BeCl, GaH and LiH have been computed by fitting empirical potential functions to the true potential energy curves for the electronic ground states of the molecules. The Lippincott three-parameter potential function, the five-parameter Hulburt-Hirschfelder potential function and the Szöke and Baitz electronegativity potential function have been used. The estimated dissociation energiesD_{0}^{0} are 4·50, 3·09 and 2·94 eV for BeCl, GaH and LiH respectively. These values compare well with the experimental values.
pp 233-236 March 1982 Molecular Physics
R S Godge Sharada Itagi V V Itagi
Hulbert-Hirschfelder (h-h) potential function has been used to obtain the relative vibrational transition probabilities for the observed bands of the first positive system of nitrogen molecule. The vibrational wavefunctions have been calculated by solving the Schrödinger equation by the method due to Langer, at low vibrational quanta and by thewkb method at high vibrational quanta. It is established that theh-h potential is superior to the often used Morse potential function for the transition under consideration.
pp 237-241 March 1982 Plasma Physics
On the non-existence of hydrodynamic solution of surface plasmons at the bimetallic interface
It is shown that for an abrupt bimetallic interface a hydrodynamic solution for interface plasmons does not exist. It appears that this result is valid irrespective of the choice of of the additional boundary condition, thereby suggesting a careful look at the use of usual hydrodynamic equations for a bimetallic interface.
pp 243-248 March 1982 Solid State Physics
V K Singh R Chandra S Lokanathan
A Mössbauer study of systems Co_{x}Mn_{3−x−y}Fe_{y}O_{4} and Ni_{x}Mn_{3−x−y}Fe_{y}O_{4} for values ofx=0·1, 0·5, 1·0 andy ranging from 0·1 to 2·0 in steps of 0·2 have been made. At room temperature samples fory values ranging in between 0·1 to 0·5 exhibit paramagnetic behaviour while all spectra for values ofy between 0·6 to 0·8 show relaxation effects. Well-defined hyperfine Zeeman spectra are observed for all the samples withy>0·8 and resolved in two sextets corresponding to octahedral and tetrahedral site symmetries and a central doublet probably due to the presence of super-paramagnetic particles in the system. The hyperfine field at^{57}Fe nucleus reduces with decreasing iron cobalt and nickel concentration. These observations have been explained in terms of site preference of cations and exchange interactions.
pp 249-259 March 1982 Solid State Physics
Heat capacity of MnBr_{2}·4H_{2}O near the antiferromagnetic transition temperature
Heat capacity of MnBr_{2}·4H_{2}O has been measured in the critical region around the Neel temperature. The data can be fitted, over a restricted range of |t|⩽10^{−2}, to the asymptotic power law. The critical exponents and the amplitudesA andA′ are not consistent with any theoretic predictions. However when scaling constraints are imposed, their values agree with the parameters of Ising model. Corrections to scaling are necessary to extend the range of the fit to |t|>10^{−2}. The correction terms are asymmetric giving −1·15±0·25 as the ratio of the amplitudes of the lowest order correction terms,D andD′ above and belowT_{c}. This value is in agreement with the recent predictions of the renormalisation group theory.
pp 261-270 March 1982 Nuclear And Particle Physics
On certain correspondences among various coupled-cluster theories for closed-shell systems
Sourav Pal M Durga Prasad Debashis Mukherjee
In this paper certain correspondences have been shown among various formulations of coupled-cluster theories for many electron closed-shell systems. Specifically it is shown that (i) the energy functional using unitary ansatz of the form exp (T−T^{+}) is exactly sameorder by order inT with the size-consistent energy functional 〈ψ|H|ψ〉/〈ψ|ψ〉 recently obtained by us in coupled-cluster framework; (ii) in the framework of unitary ansatz of the form exp (T−T^{+}), both non-variational and variational approaches lead to identical equations upto any given order inT andT^{+} inT∼T_{2} approximation; (iii) variational procedure using our size-consistent energy functional or using the functional obtained in the framework of unitary ansatz (as envisaged by Kutzelnigg) leads to energy in both cases, inT∼T_{2} approximation, for a total of quadratic powers inT andT^{+}, same as Cizek’s linearised coupled pair many electron theory energy; (iv) in case of practical calculation of the energy through the variational procedures using our size-consistent energy functional and the functional in unitary ansatz framework, there is a loss of upper bound.
pp 271-278 March 1982 Nuclear And Particle Physics
Incoherent scattering functions of 145 keV gamma rays by K-shell electrons in Y, Ag and Au
A Raghava Rao SS Ramana Reddy K Premchand K L Narasimham K Parthasaradhi V Lakshminarayana
The values of incoherent scattering functions are determined experimentally for 145 keV gamma rays in elements Au, Ag and Y at scattering angles 40°, 70° and 100°, using a x-ray gamma coincidence technique. The corresponding theoretical values are obtained from the tabulations of Hubbellet al, and computed from the models of Jauch and Rohrlich and Shimizuet al. A comparison between the theoretical and experimental results showed that the non-relativistic approach adopted in the theory of Shimizuet al is inapplicable to the present cases. A gross agreement is noticed between the present experimental results and the other theoretical values.
pp 279-289 March 1982 Nuclear And Particle Physics
Coherent pion-photoproduction by deuterons at intermediate energies
V S Bhasin V K Gupta J D Anand
Non-relativistically exact single scattering calculations for coherent pion photoproduction by deuterons at intermediate photon energies (200 MeV to 500 MeV) are presented. For the two-bodyγN→πN process we use the well-known dispersion theoretic model by Chewet al and for the deuteron wave-functions we employ the Yamaguchi and the two term Gaussian wave-function. We find that while both the wavefunctions reproduce the deuteron e.m. form factor reasonably well, the results for the pion photoproduction cross-section show, however, a sensitive dependence on their detailed forms. The angular distributions at various energies are found to have considerable variations from the usual impulse approximation calculations but tend to improve the agreement with the data in a large kinematical region.
pp 291-294 March 1982 Nuclear And Particle Physics
Bag like potential and quarkonium
We discuss the properties of charmonium in the frame work of a bag like potential and show that the upsilon and charmonium spectra can be fitted by a common potential.
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