• Volume 12, Issue 3

      March 1979,   pages  203-299

    • On the hierarchy equations of the wave-operator for open-shell systems

      Debashis Mukherjee

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      Starting with the open-shell analogue of the Gell Mann-Low theorem of many-body perturbation theory, a non-perturbative linear operator equation is derived for the linked part of the wave-operatorW for open-shell systems. It is shown that, for a proper treatment of the linked nature of the wave-operator, a separation into its connected and disconnected components has to be made, and this leads to a hierarchy of equations for the various connected components. It is proved that the set of equations can be cast into a form equivalent to the non-perturbative equations of the wave-operator recently derived by Mukherjee and others in a coupled-cluster or exp(T) type formalism if a consistent use is made of a ‘core-valence separability’ condition introduced earlier. A comparison of the coupled-cluster representation ofW with the perturbative representation reveals that various alternative forms ofW in the coupled-cluster representation are possible and these reflect alternative ways of realising the core-valence expansion of the wave-operator. In particular it is emphasised how the use of Mandelstam block-ordering simplifies the coupled-cluster theories to a considerable extent and a comparison is made with coupled-cluster methods for open-shells put forward very recently by Ey and Lindgren. Finally, it is shown how difference energies of interest may be derived in a compact manner using the Mandelstam block-ordering of the wave-operator.

    • On the colour contribution to effective weak vertex in broken colour gauge theories

      R Ramachandran

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      Treating the breaking of colour symmetry via the mixing between the colour gluons and weak bosons (a la Rajasekaran and Roy) it is observed that the colour contribution to the effective weak vertex of a quark at zero momentum transfer is zero uptoO(α).

    • Chiral SU(4) × SU(4) breaking: masses and decay constants of charmed hadrons

      T N Tiwari D Mishra

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      The (4, 4*) ⊕ (4*, 4) model of broken chiral SU (4) × SU (4) symmetry has been used to calculate the third-order coupling constants involving charmed and ordinary pseudoscalar mesons. These coupling constants are exploited to derive some interesting new relations among the masses and decay constants of these charmed particles. Using the known masses and decay constants as inputs, we exploit these relations to predict:FD = −1·41Fπ,FF = −1·13Fπ,FD/FF = 1·25,m(Ds) = 1·43 GeV,m(Fs) = 1·39 GeV andm(Ks) = 1·02 GeV.

    • Negative parity states in144Nd and multipolarity of gamma-transitions from 1 to 2+ states by beta-gamma-gamma angular correlation method

      I V S Rathore B P Singh

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      Some of the low-lying states in many isotopes144Nd,148Sm,152Gd and156Gd show a similar typical behaviour. The first 2+ is regarded as a single quadrupole phonon state and 3 as a single octupole phonon state. The levels with the spins and parities 1, 5, 3, 4, etc. are considered due to the simultaneous excitation of quadrupole and octupole phonons. If this consideration is correct, then the transition fromJ to 2+ states must contain an appreciableE3 content. Theβ-γ-γ angular correlation coefficients for the cascade ofβ-rays ofEmax 800 keV→γ-rays of 1489 keV→γ-rays of 696 keV are used to estimateE3 content inE1 transition in144Nd.

    • Microtopographical studies of prism faces of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals

      M S Joshi A V Antony

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      Surface structures on prism faces of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals grown from aqueous solutions and also by gel method are described and illustrated. Density of growth centres increases as the supersaturation of the mother liquor is increased. Gel grown crystals predominantly show rectangular growth hillocks on their prism faces. In the needle shaped crystals further nucleation extends predominantly along theC axis than at right angles to it. Influence of misoriented guest microcrystals on the growth of the prism faces is described.

    • Impossibility of a continuous phase convention for polarised light

      Rajaram Nityananda

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      The possibility of extending the well known Poincare sphere representation of polarised light to include phase is considered. Any attempt to define the zero of phase for each vibration represented on the Poincare sphere runs into discontinuities at at least one point. These are shown to be inevitable using a topological argument.

    • Output characteristics of a 400 MW Nd:glass laser system

      R Bhatnagar P D Gupta B S Narayan M Anwar B L Gupta D D Bhawalkar

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      The paper discusses the performance characteristics of a Nd: glass laser system designed for laser produced plasma studies. It consists of aQ-switched oscillator followed by two amplifier stages. The output behaviour of the oscillator, i.e. laser pulse duration, peak power and optimum coupling, has been studied and is in good agreement with theory. Gain characteristics of amplifiers were obtained as a function of various parameters. Energies in excess of 7 J with pulse durations as small as 18 nsec were obtained giving rise to 400 MW peak power.

    • Magnetic susceptibility of mixed valence compounds

      Ishwar Singh S K Joshi

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      Magnetic susceptibility of mixed-valence compounds has been calculated as a function of pressure using Falicov-Kimball model wherein thef-s hybridisation has been taken into account. This model can very well explain the continuous as well as discontinuous transitions from ground states of integral to intermediate valence. Our results for magnetic susceptibility are in qualitative agreement with recent experimental results on some mixed-valence compounds.

    • Evaluation of irradiation-induced creep rate: application to the vacancy dislocation loop contribution

      K Krishan V Balakrishnan S K Ray

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      Irradiation (as in a nuclear reactor) drastically affects the defect structure and its time evolution in a material, and induces new creep mechanisms in it. We present a formalism to evaluate the contribution to creep owing to such mechanisms. Beginning with the phenomenological constitutive relation for the strain appropriate to a given mechanism, we put in simple statistical considerations to derive an expression for the corresponding creep rate. This formal expression is in terms of the defect production rate and a non-equilibrium probability distribution function involving the pertinent properties of the defect type concerned. A convenient approximation scheme for practical calculations is employed, that also makes contact with standard rate theory and provides a proper interpretation for the variables occurring there. As an illustration, we evaluate the contribution to irradiation-induced creep from the orientation-dependent shrinkage of vacancy dislocation loops in an applied stress field. The circumstances inducing transient and non-transient creep are clarified and a numerical estimate is given for the latter component.

    • Absorption, excitation and fluorescence spectra of thallium activated cesium bromide

      V B Sharan D N S Srivastwa S C Sen

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      Absorption, excitation and fluorescence spectra of T1+ doped cesium bromide have been investigated at various thallium concentrations. At very low thallium concentration two absorption bands are obtained at 225 nm and 264 nm. With rise of thallium concentration additional absorption bands are obtained at 230, 244, 258, 270 and 285 nm. A single bell-shaped fluorescence band at 357 nm in the ultraviolet region is obtained at low thallium concentration. Two additional visible fluorescence bands appear at 440 and 540 nm with rise in thallium content. The excitation spectra for ultraviolet emission band and visible emission bands are found to be different. Accordingly the ultraviolet emission band is attributed to the characteristic A emission in T1+ ion and the visible bands are attributed to dimer centers havingD4h site symmetry.

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