Volume 6, Issue 6
June 1976, pages 329-398
pp 329-342 June 1976 Plasma Physics
The wave-particle interactions in a beam-plasma system in the presence of finite but small thermal motions of the particles are investigated in the linear as well as nonlinear regime. During the linear growth, the thermal motions are found to have a stabilizing effect. The nonlinear evolution is studied by using the Perturbed Orbit Formalism. Due to the thermal motions the nonlinear saturation of growth is found to take place at a level lower than that of the cold case. A detailed study of the energy balance shows that nonresonant particles pick up a bigger fraction of the energy lost by the streaming motion of the beam, thus leading to more efficient ‘heating’.
pp 343-348 June 1976 Solids
Nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) of209Bi has been studied in Bi4 (GeO4)3 and Bi4 (SiO4)3 using a wide band coherence-controlled superregenerative oscillator-detector. All the four allowed (ΔMI=±1) transitions are observed. In both cases the electric field gradient (EFG) tensor is axially symmetric (η=0.0). The quadrupole coupling constante2qQ is measured to be 490.8±1 MHz and 470.4±1 MHz respectively. It is pointed out that the purely ionic model is inadequate to understand these results. With the available experimental accuracy and the strength of the applied electric field (∼ 6 KV/cm), no field-induced effects on the NQR spectrum could be observed in the case of Bi4 (SiO4)3.
pp 349-362 June 1976 Solids
Analytical methods to investigate the interaction of magnetic monopoles with known magnetic media have been developed. Trapping energies of monopoles inside ferro-magnetic or super onducting materials of size greater than about 10−6 cm are found to be of the order of several kiloelectron volts. These are two to three orders of magnitude higher than in paramagnetic materials. Thus if stable magnetic monopoles exist at all in the universe, they are perhaps trapped in these magnetic materials. The effect of the finite size of the magnetic bodies is taken into account explicitly in our calculations of the trapping energy.
pp 363-367 June 1976 Solids
Some elevated microdisks are reported on (100) cleavages and (110) fractured faces of NaCl, produced by the etchant reported by Davidge and Whitworth (1961). It is observed that the structure of the disks is similar on both the faces, but does not coincide with the matched faces. It is shown that these disks are not formed due to the protective action of microbubbles during the etching process but formed at the sites of localized impurities.
pp 368-372 June 1976 Solids
A comment on the number of sensitivity centres in silver halide grains of nuclear emulsions is made and a theory for its evaluation at different temperatures is presented. The results at room temperature agree satisfactorily with assumptions made by various workers.
pp 373-382 June 1976 Liquids
It is shown that by incorporating the off-shell effects through the introduction of phase equivalent nonlocal potentials, (that are essentially equivalent so far as two-body properties are concerned) one could obtain a much better agreement regarding the important properties of the ground state of liquid helium-3, in lowest order Brueckner-Goldstone theory. The binding energy, equilibruim density and the convergence character of Brueckner-Goldstone series improve drastically.
pp 383-387 June 1976 Liquids
Neutron scattering of cold neutrons from liquid silane at 137° K and 98°K is explained on the basis of a simple model. The rotational diffusion constant,Dr, and the delay time,τ0, after which rotational diffusion may be said to occur are derived on the basis of this model. At 137° K we getDr=0.22×1013 sec−1 andτ0=0.68×10−13 sec. At 98°KDr (=0.06×1013 sec−1) is down by a factor of more than three butτ0=(0.54×10−13 sec) shows only a small change. By comparison with data on liquid CH4 it is concluded that the law of corresponding states is not applicable for describing rotational dynamics of CH4 and SiH4. Rotational motions in SiH4 are more hindered than in CH4 at the same reduced temperature.
pp 388-398 June 1976 General Relativity
The motion of a tachyon in the empty Schwarzschild solution outside a massm is discussed. It is shown that a tachyon falling radially inwards never reaches the space-time singularity at the origin. Instead, it is bounced back at a point inside the Schwarzschild radius. The causal and non-causal aspects of such a bounce are considered. It is shown that a tachyon dropped from a radial co-ordinate <2.56m always airives before it went in whereas a tachyon dropped from a radial co-ordinate >3.27m always arrives later than its starting time. The more general case of a tachyon with a finite angular momentum is also analyzed. The possible astrophysical consequences of the presence of tachyons near condensed or collapsing objects and black holes are qualitatively discussed.
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