• Volume 5, Issue 2

      August 1975,   pages  49-106

    • Wide spectrum H2O sources—astrophysical Raman masers

      V Radhakrishnan W M Goss Rajendra Bhandari

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      The extraordinarily wide 22 GHz emission from W49A and two other galactic HII regions is discussed, and arguments presented why the entire width of these spectra cannot be attributed to the 616 → 523 transition of H2O. It is suggested that most of the weak emission with large frequency shifts is due to stimulated Raman scattering of the strong central features appearing at the expected frequency of the water vapour line. It has not been possible to identify the scattering agent, but it is predicted that the spectra of millimetre-wave maser sources should also show such frequency-shifted features.

    • Evidence for the production of new particles in cosmic ray experiments deep underground

      M R Krishnaswamy M G K Menon V S Narasimham N Ito S Kawakami S Miyake

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      In the cosmic ray experiments deep underground in the Kolar Gold Mines, a special class of events has been observed, at present 6 in number, characterised by several, (in general 3), charged particles arising from a vertex, either in air or in the thin material of the detectors, with large opening angles; the vertex is at a distance of around 70–100 cms from the rock wall. The most plausible interpretation of these events is that they are due to the decay of new, massive and long-lived particles produced in neutrino collisions inside rock, or through hitherto unknown processes.

    • Interpretation of the new particle of the cosmic ray neutrino experiment

      G Rajasekaran K V L Sarma

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      In order to reconcile the life time of the new particle observed in the cosmic ray neutrino experiment with its production rate, it is proposed that the particle has a new quantum number (κ) which may be assigned to leptons and hadrons. In the production of the new particle, assumed to be a heavy charged lepton,κ is conserved by creating an associated lepton-hadron pair. Suppression of theκ-violating interaction is invoked to interpret the long life time of this particle.

    • Universal theory of weak interactions in the paracharge scheme and quark-lepton analogy

      T Das P P Divakaran L K Pandit Virendra Singh

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      A universal theory of weak interaction is constructed by exploiting an analogy inherent between the four leptons and the four quarks of the paracharge scheme proposed recently to deal with theψ-particles. The leptons (νe,νμ,eL,μL) are assigned to the representation (1/2, 1/2) and the quarks (p, nW)L and (χ,λW)L to the representations (1/2, 0) and (0, 1/2), respectively, of the groupO4 (L stands for the left-handed projections and W for the Cabibbo rotated orthogonal combinations ofn andλ). Universality is ensured by embedding the above (weak)O4 into thesimple groupO5 and gauging the latter. In the final effective weak interaction, besides the conventionalV-A charged-current part, a (V-A)neutral current interaction (consistent with the present data) is naturally present. The neutral current has a$$\bar \nu _\mu \nu _\mu $$ term but no$$\bar \nu _e \nu _e $$ term, thus providing a crucial test of the theory.

    • Flow of cholesteric liquid crystals—I: Flow along the helical axis

      U D Kini G S Ranganath S Chandrasekhar

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      It is shown that the essential features of Helfrich’s permeation model for flow along the helical axis of a cholesteric liquid crystal can be derived approximately on the basis of the Ericksen-Leslie theory.

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