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      Volume 34, Issue 3

      September 2013,   pages  193-296

    • Spectroscopic Analysis of the Eclipsing Binary ∝ CrB

      M. I. Nouh S. M. Saad B. Korany M. A. Elkhamisy

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      The eclipsing binary ∝ CrB, is a well-known double-lined spectroscopic binary. The system is considered unique among main-sequence systems with respect to its small mass ratio and large magnitude difference between the components. Our aim in the present paper is to compute the orbital parameters and to model the atmospheric parameters of the system. Synthetic spectral analysis of both the individual and disentangled spectra has been performed and yielded effective temperatures 𝑇eff = 10000 ± 250 K, surface gravities log 𝑔 = 4 ± 0.25 and projected rotational velocities 𝑣 sin 𝑖 = 110 ± 5 km/sec for the primary component, and 𝑇eff = 6000 ± 250 K and log 𝑔 = 4.5 ± 0.25 for the secondary component. Evolutionary state of the system is investigated using stellar models.

    • Role of Gas Dynamical Friction in the Evolution of Embedded Stellar Clusters

      K. Indulekha

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      Two puzzles associated with open clusters have attracted a lot of attention – their formation, with densities and velocity dispersions that are not too different from those of the star forming regions in the galaxy, given that the observed Star Formation Efficiencies (SFE) are low and, the mass segregation observed/inferred in some of them, at ages significantly less than the dynamical relaxation times in them. Gas dynamical friction has been considered before as a mechanism for contracting embedded stellar clusters, by dissipating their energy. This would locally raise the SFE which might then allow bound clusters to form. Noticing that dynamical friction is inherently capable of producing mass segregation, since here, the dissipation rate is proportional to the mass of the body experiencing the force, we explore further, some of the details and implications of such a scenario, vis-à-vis observations. Making analytical approximations, we obtain a boundary value for the density of a star forming clump of a given mass, such that, stellar clusters born in clumps which have densities higher than this, could emerge bound after gas loss. For a clump of given mass and density, we find a critical mass such that, sub-condensations with larger masses than this could suffer significant segregation within the clump.

    • Phase Mixing of Alfvén Waves Near a 2D Magnetic Null Point

      J. A. McLaughlin

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      The propagation of linear Alfvén wave pulses in an inhomogeneous plasma near a 2D coronal null point is investigated. When a uniform plasma density is considered, it is seen that an initially planar Alfvén wavefront remains planar, despite the varying equilibrium Alfvén speed, and that all the wave collects at the separatrices. Thus, in the non-ideal case, these Alfvénic disturbances preferentially dissipate their energy at these locations. For a non-uniform equilibrium density, it is found that the Alfvén wavefront is significantly distorted away from the initially planar geometry, inviting the possibility of dissipation due to phase mixing. Despite this however, we conclude that for the Alfvén wave, current density accumulation and preferential heating still primarily occur at the separatrices, even when an extremely non-uniform density profile is considered.

    • Devasthal Fast Optical Telescope Observations of Wolf–Rayet Dwarf Galaxy Mrk 996

      S. Jaiswal A. Omar

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      The Devasthal Fast Optical Telescope (DFOT) is a 1.3 meter aperture optical telescope, recently installed at Devasthal, Nainital. We present here the first results using an H𝛼 filter with this telescope on a Wolf–Rayet dwarf galaxy Mrk 996. The instrumental response and the H𝛼 sensitivity obtained with the telescope are (3.3 ± 0.3) × 10-15 erg s-1 cm-2/counts s-1 and 7.5 × 10-17 erg s-1 cm-2 arcsec-2 respectively. The H𝛼 flux and the equivalent width for Mrk 996 are estimated as (132 ± 37) × 10-14 erg s-1 cm-2 and ∼ 96 Å respectively. The star formation rate is estimated as 0.4 ± 0.1𝑀 yr-1. Mrk 996 deviates from the radio-FIR correlation known for normal star forming galaxies with a deficiency in its radio continuum. The ionized gas as traced by Hα emission is found in a disk shape which is misaligned with respect to the old stellar disk. This misalignment is indicative of a recent tidal interaction in the galaxy. We believe that galaxy–galaxy tidal interaction is the main cause of the WR phase in Mrk 996.

    • Axially Symmetric Bianchi Type-I Bulk-Viscous Cosmological Models with Time-Dependent 𝛬 and 𝑞

      Nawsad Ali

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      The present study deals with spatially homogeneous and anisotropic axially symmetric Bianchi type-I cosmological model with time variable cosmological term 𝛬 in the presence of bulk viscous fluid. The Einstein’s field equations are solved explicitly by time varying deceleration parameter 𝑞. Consequences of the four cases of phenomenological decay of𝛬 have been discussed which are consistent with observations. Physical and kinematical parameters of the models are discussed.

    • On the Photometric Error Calibration for the Differential Light Curves of Point-like Active Galactic Nuclei

      Arti Goyal Mukul Mhaskey Gopal-Krishna Paul J. Wiita C. S. Stalin Ram Sagar

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      It is important to quantify the underestimation of rms photometric errors returned by the commonly used APPHOT algorithm in the IRAF software, in the context of differential photometry of point-like AGN, because of the crucial role it plays in evaluating their variability properties. Published values of the underestimation factor, 𝜂, using several different telescopes, lie in the range 1.3–1.75. The present study aims to revisit this question by employing an exceptionally large data set of 262 differential light curves (DLCs) derived from 262 pairs of non-varying stars monitored under our ARIES AGN monitoring program for characterizing the intra-night optical variability (INOV) of prominent AGN classes. The bulk of these data were taken with the 1-m Sampurnanad Telescope (ST). We find 𝜂 = 1.54 ± 0.05 which is close to our recently reported value of 𝜂 = 1.5. Moreover, this consistency holds at least up to a brightness mismatch of 1.5 mag between the paired stars. From this we infer that a magnitude difference of at least up to 1.5 mag between a point-like AGN and comparison star(s) monitored simultaneously is within the same CCD chip acceptable, as it should not lead to spurious claims of INOV.

  • Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy | News

    • Continuous Article Publication

      Posted on January 27, 2016

      Since January 2016, the Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy has moved to Continuous Article Publishing (CAP) mode. This means that each accepted article is being published immediately online with DOI and article citation ID with starting page number 1. Articles are also visible in Web of Science immediately. All these have helped shorten the publication time and have improved the visibility of the articles.

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