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      Volume 31, Issue 3

      September 2010,   pages  121-175

    • Oxygen Abundance Methods in SDSS: View from Modern Statistics

      Fei Shi Gang Zhao James Wicker

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      Our purpose is to find which is the most reliable one among various oxygen abundance determination methods. We will test the validity of several different oxygen abundance determination methods using methods of modern statistics. These methods include Bayesian analysis and information scoring. We will analyze a sample of ∼ 6000 HII galaxies from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) spectroscopic observations data release four. All methods that we used drew the same conclusion that the 𝑇𝑒 method is a more reliable oxygen abundance determination method than the Bayesian metallicity method under the existing telescope ability. The ratios of the likelihoods between the different kinds of methods tell us that the 𝑇𝑒, 𝑃, and 𝑂3𝑁2 methods are consistent with each other because the 𝑃 and 𝑂3𝑁2 methods are calibrated by 𝑇𝑒 method. The Bayesian and 𝑅23 methods are consistent with each other because both are calibrated by a galaxy model. In either case, the 𝑁2 method is an unreliable method.

    • The Effect of Screening Factors and Thermonuclear Reaction Rates in the Pre-main Sequence Evolution of Low Mass Stars

      İ. Küçük Ş. Çalışkan

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      In understanding the nucleosynthesis of the elements in stars, one of the most important quantities is the reaction rate and it must be evaluated in terms of the stellar temperature 𝑇, and its determination involves the knowledge of the excitation function 𝜎(𝐸) of the specific nuclear reaction leading to the final nucleus. In this paper, the effect of thermonuclear reaction rates to the pre-main sequence evolution of low mass stars having masses 0.7, 0.8, 0.9 and 1 M are studied by using our modified Stellar Evolutionary Program.

    • Constraining the Relative Inclinations of the Planets B and C of the Millisecond Pulsar PSR B1257+12

      Lorenzo Iorio

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      We investigate on the relative inclination of the planets B and C orbiting the pulsar PSR B1257+12. First, we show that the third Kepler’s law does represent an adequate model for the orbital periods 𝑃 of the planets, because other Newtonian and Einsteinian corrections are orders of magnitude smaller than the accuracy in measuring 𝑃B/C. Then, on the basis of available timing data, we determine the ratio sin 𝑖C/ sin 𝑖B = 0.92 ± 0.05 of the orbital inclinations 𝑖B and 𝑖C independently of the pulsar’s mass 𝑀. It turns out that coplanarity of the orbits of B and C would imply a violation of the equivalence principle. Adopting a pulsar mass range 1 ≲ 𝑀 ≲ 3, in solar masses (supported by present-day theoretical and observational bounds for pulsar’s masses), both face-on and edge-on orbital configurations for the orbits of the two planets are ruled out; the acceptable inclinations for B span the range 36 deg ≲ 𝑖B ≲ 66 deg, with a corresponding relative inclination range 6 deg ≲ (𝑖C − 𝑖B) ≲ 13 deg.

    • Evidence of Decay of Flux Ratio of Fe to Fe–Ni Line Features with Electron Temperature in Solar Flares

      Rajmal Jain Malini Aggarwal Raghunandan Sharma

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      We report observational evidence of the decay of the flux ratio of Fe to Fe–Ni line features as a function of plasma electron temperature in solar flares in comparison to that theoretically predicted by Phillips (2004). We present the study of spectral analysis of 14 flares observed by the Solar X-ray Spectrometer (SOXS) – Low Energy Detector (SLD) payload. The SLD payload employs the state-of-the-art solid state detectors, viz., Si PIN and Cadmium-Zinc-Telluride (CZT) devices. The sub-keV energy resolution of Si PIN detector allows us to study the Fe-line and Fe–Ni line features appearing at 6.7 and 8 keV, respectively, in greater detail. In order to best-fit the whole spectrum at one time in the desired energy range between 4 and 25 keV we considered Gaussian-line, the multi-thermal power-law and broken power-law functions. We found that the flux ratio of Fe to Fe–Ni line features decays with flare electron temperature by the asymptotic form of polynomial of inverse third order. The relative flux ratio is ∼ 30 at temperature 12 MK which drops to half, ∼ 15 at 20 MK, and at further higher temperatures it decreases smoothly reaching to ∼ 8 at ∼ 50 MK. The flux ratio, however, at a given flare plasma temperature, and its decrease with temperature is significantly lower than that predicted theoretically. We propose that the difference may be due to the consideration of higher densities of Fe and Fe–Ni lines in the theoretical model of Phillips (2004). We suggest revising the Fe and Fe–Ni line densities in the corona. The decay of flux ratio explains the variation of equivalent width and peak energy of these line features with temperature.

    • Solar Cycle Variation of Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejection Latitudes

      P. X. Gao K. J. Li

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      With the use of interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs) compiled by Richardson and Cane from 1996 to 2007 and the associated coronal mass ejections (CMEs) observed by the Large Angle and Spectrometric Coronagraph (LASCO) onboard the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO), we investigate the solar cycle variation of real ICME-associated CME latitudes during solar cycle 23 using Song et al.’s method. The results show the following:

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  • Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy | News

    • Continuous Article Publication

      Posted on January 27, 2016

      Since January 2016, the Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy has moved to Continuous Article Publishing (CAP) mode. This means that each accepted article is being published immediately online with DOI and article citation ID with starting page number 1. Articles are also visible in Web of Science immediately. All these have helped shorten the publication time and have improved the visibility of the articles.

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